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Contrast sensitivity at different positions in the visual field has been measured at various spatial frequencies using a patch of gratin, 0 suitabij tignetted to give a st!mulus localized in both space and spatial frequent\. While contrast sensitivitl along a vertical line through the fixation point f4is ofl' steadily from a maximum at the crntre.(More)
Observers rated the degree of segregation between two textures, each composed of the same two element types but in differing arrangements (a checkerboard arrangement in the middle region of the pattern and a striped arrangement in the top and bottom regions). The two element types in a given pattern were either both solid squares or both center-surround(More)
Models incorporating spatial-frequency- and orientation-selective channels explain many texture-segregation results, particularly when known nonlinearities are included. One such nonlinearity is complex channels. A complex channel consists of two stages of linear filtering separated by a rectification-type nonlinearity. Here we investigate the(More)
Light adaptation has been studied using both aperiodic and periodic stimuli. Two well-documented phenomena are described: the background-onset effect (from an aperiodic-stimulus tradition) and high-temporal-frequency linearity (from the periodic-stimulus tradition). These phenomena have been explained within two different theoretical frameworks. Here we(More)
Studies of light adaptation have, in general, employed either aperiodic or periodic stimuli. In earlier work, models originally developed to predict the results from one tradition failed to predict results from the other but the models from the two traditions could be merged to predict phenomena from both. To further test these merged models, a paradigm(More)
When a temporally fluctuating background is rapidly modulated (e.g. 30 Hz), the threshold variation of a superimposed flash (the probe) is approximately sinusoidal and in phase with the stimulus. But, with low rates of sinusoidal modulation (e.g. 1 Hz), the threshold variation is distinctly nonsinusoidal in shape. The bases of these aspects of the data, as(More)
Observers were shown patterns composed of two textures in which each texture contained two types of elements. The elements were arranged in a striped pattern in the top and bottom regions and in a checked pattern in the center region. Observers rated the degree to which the three regions were seen as distinct. When the elements were squares or lines,(More)
Complex (non-Fourier, second-order) channels have been proposed to explain aspects of texture-based region segregation and related perceptual tasks. Complex channels contain two stages of linear filtering with an intermediate pointwise nonlinearity. The intermediate nonlinearity is crucial. Without it, a complex channel is equivalent to a single linear(More)
What is visual texture, and how might a study of the visual perception of texture help us to better understand human vision? In this chapter we will attempt to give the reader a feel for how the study of texture perception is useful both in understanding the impact of texture itself, as well as in providing a better understanding of basic visual mechanisms(More)