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The Escherichia coli H-NS protein is a nucleoid-associated protein involved in gene regulation and DNA compaction. To get more insight into the mechanism of DNA compaction we applied atomic force microscopy (AFM) to study the structure of H-NS-DNA complexes. On circular DNA molecules two different levels of H-NS induced condensation were observed. H-NS(More)
Synthesis of the coenzyme pyrrolo-quinoline-quinone (PQQ) from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus requires the products of at least four different genes. In this paper we present the nucleotide sequence of a 5,085-base-pair DNA fragment containing these four genes. Within the DNA fragment three reading frames are present, coding for proteins of Mr 10,800, 29,700,(More)
Recently we described the cloning of the gene coding for a Mr 87000 glucose dehydrogenase (GDH-A) fromAcinetobacter calcoaceticus. In this report we describe the cloning of a gene coding for a second GDH (GDH-B) with a Mr of 50000 from the same organism. This gene was isolated using a 20-mer synthetic oligonucleotide, derived from the N-terminal amino acid(More)
From the start of the first primitive life forms on earth ultraviolet (UV) light has been a seriously threatening factor. UV light is absorbed by the DNA causing several types of damage that can interfere with transcription and replication. In bacteria a number of different repair mechanisms have evolved to repair these UV-induced lesions. These mechanisms(More)
The UvrB-DNA preincision complex is a key intermediate in the repair of damaged DNA by the UvrABC endonuclease from Escherichia coli. DNaseI footprinting of this complex on DNA with a cis-[Pt(NH3)2[d(GpG)-N7(1),N7(2)]] adduct provided global information on the protein binding site on this substrate [Visse, R., et al. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 7609-7617].(More)
We cloned the gene coding for the quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. This clone complements gdh mutations in A. calcoaceticus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli. The gene codes for a protein with an Mr of 83,000. Evidence is presented for the presence of two different glucose dehydrogenase enzymes in A.(More)
Escherichia coli contains pyrroloquinoline quinone-dependent glucose dehydrogenase. We cloned and sequenced the gene (gcd) encoding this enzyme and showed that the derived amino acid sequence is highly homologous to that of the gdhA gene product of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. Stretches of homology also exist between the amino acid sequence of E. coli(More)
It is generally accepted that the damage recognition complex of nucleotide excision repair in Escherichia coli consists of two UvrA and one UvrB molecule, and that in the preincision complex UvrB binds to the damage as a monomer. Using scanning force microscopy, we show here that the damage recognition complex consists of two UvrA and two UvrB subunits,(More)
Nucleotide excision repair in Escherichia coli is a multistep process in which DNA damage is removed by incision of the DNA on both sides of the damage, followed by removal of the oligonucleotide containing the lesion. The two incision reactions take place in a complex of damaged DNA with UvrB and UvrC. It has been shown (Lin, J. -J., and Sancar, A. (1992)(More)
The nucleoid-associated protein HU is one of the most abundant proteins in Escherichia coli and has been suggested to play an important role in bacterial nucleoid organization and regulation. Although the regulatory aspects of HU have been firmly established, much less is understood about the role of HU in shaping the bacterial nucleoid. In both functions(More)