N. Goosen

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UvrB, the ultimate damage-binding protein in bacterial nucleotide excision repair is capable of binding a vast array of structurally unrelated lesions. A beta-hairpin structure in the protein plays an important role in damage-specific binding. In this paper we have monitored DNA conformational alterations in the UvrB-DNA complex, using the fluorescent(More)
Repairing damaged DNA is essential for an organism's survival. UV damage endonuclease (UVDE) is a DNA-repair enzyme that can recognize and incise different types of damaged DNA. We present the structure of Sulfolobus acidocaldarius UVDE on its own and in a pre-catalytic complex with UV-damaged DNA containing a 6-4 photoproduct showing a novel 'dual(More)
The Gin invertase of bacteriophage Mu mediates recombination between two inverted gix sites. Recombination requires the presence of a second protein, Fis, which binds to an enhancer sequence. We have isolated 24 different mutants of Gin that are impaired in DNA inversion but proficient in DNA binding. Six of these mutants could be suppressed for inversion(More)
The UvrA protein is the initial damage-recognizing factor in bacterial nucleotide excision repair. Each monomer of the UvrA dimer contains two ATPase sites. Using single-molecule analysis we show that dimerization of UvrA in the presence of ATP is significantly higher than with ADP or nonhydrolyzable ATPgammaS, suggesting that the active UvrA dimer contains(More)
Sso10a proteins are small DNA-binding proteins expressed by the crenarchaeal model organism Sulfolobus solfataricus. Based on the structure of Sso10a1, which contains a winged helix-turn-helix motif, it is believed that Sso10a proteins function as sequence-specific transcription factors. Here we show that Sso10a1 and Sso10a2 exhibit different distinct(More)
We recently reported the cloning and characterization of the gene coding for quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus LMD 79.41 (1). In this paper we present the complete nucleotide sequence of this gene as determined by the chain termination method of Sanger et al (2). From the putative start codon to the ochre codon the gene is(More)
Two-component regulatory systems allow bacteria to respond adequately to changes in their environment. In response to a given stimulus, a sensory kinase activates its cognate response regulator via reversible phosphorylation. The response regulator DevR activates a state of dormancy under hypoxia in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, allowing this pathogen to(More)
The study aimed to compare three fish protein hydrolysates (FPH) from different origins as dietary ingredients for Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. The ingredients were self-prepared fish silage from rainbow trout viscera and two commercial FPH products from shrimp and mixed marine by-products. Each ingredient was further included at two dietary(More)
Integration Host Factor (IHF) of E. coli can stimulate both early and repressor transcription of bacteriophage Mu. We introduced several mutations in the early promoter (Pe) and studied the effect of these mutations on the stimulation of early and repressor transcription by IHF. All mutant promoters are still positive regulated by IHF, but the level of(More)
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