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We have isolated a nonneuronal cell line from Xenopus retinal neuroepithelium (XR1 cell line). On the basis of immunocytochemical characterization using monoclonal antibodies generated in our laboratory as well as several other glial-specific antibodies, we have established that the XR1 cells are derived from embryonic astroglia. A monolayer of XR1 cells(More)
The outgrowth of axons from the early retina in vivo is compared with that from retinal explants in two types of culture systems. The normal time course of axonal growth along the primordial optic pathway to the optic tectum is characterized, using tritiated proline and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) as anterograde tracers. The rate of axonal elongation in(More)
Albino axolotl eyes were transplanted embryonically to normal and albino axolotl hosts. The animals were allowed to mature for several months and then their transplanted eyes were injected with tritiated proline. The projections from these albino eyes were compared with those obtained from similar transplants of normally pigmented eyes. Special attention(More)
A glial cell line (XR1 cell line) derived from Xenopus retinal neuroepithelium was examined for neurite outgrowth promoting activity. A monolayer of the XR1 cells serves as an excellent substrate upon which embryonic retinal explants attach and freely elaborate neurites. The XR1 neurite outgrowth promoting activity is not secreted into the medium, but is(More)
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