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Blood levels and urinary excretion of triclopyr, the active ingredient in Garlon herbicides, were followed in six volunteers given single oral doses of 0.1 and 0.5 mg/kg body weight. Five of these volunteers later received dermal applications of Garlon 4 herbicide formulation equivalent to 3.7 mg triclopyr/kg body weight applied to the forearm. Following(More)
The DLA class II genes in the dog major histocompatibility complex are highly polymorphic. To date, 52 DLA-DRB1, 16 DLA-DQA1 and 41 DLA-DQB1 allelic sequences have been assigned. The aim of this study was to examine the intrabreed and interbreed variation of DLA allele and haplotype frequencies in dogs, and to ascertain whether conserved DLA class II(More)
Circulating cadmium-thionein (Cd-MT) is cleared from the mammalian circulatory system by filtration through the kidney glomerulus with subsequent reabsorption by kidney proximal tubules. Damage to the tubules results following uptake of Cd-MT, which is dependent upon time and the dose level of cadmium administered. Intravenous administration of 109Cd-MT at(More)
The increasing awareness and concern about the potential health risks posed to the ecosystem and to man by endocrine disrupting chemicals with oestrogen-like activity in the environment has focused attention on the need for developing sensitive and specific methods for identifying these xenobiotics and to evaluate their degrees of toxic effects. We have(More)
A case of angiostrongylosis is described in a 14-month-old golden retriever bitch. Conjunctival haemorrhage and neurological signs, referable to a space-occupying cerebral lesion, were associated with defective primary haemostasis caused by low levels of von Willebrand factor. Full clinical recovery followed treatment with desmopressin, fresh whole blood(More)
In two experiments, Sprague-Dawley rats were administered elemental selenium (Se; 10 ppm), silver (Ag; 1000 ppm) and arsenic (As; 50 ppm), either alone or in combination (Ag+Se or As+Se). Administration was via drinking water. Body weight, fluid intake, and food consumption were monitored weekly and measures of forelimb and handlimb strength were taken. Se(More)
Dogs exhibit a range of immune-mediated conditions including a lymphocytic thyroiditis which has many similarities to Hashimoto's thyroiditis in man. We have recently reported an association in Doberman Pinschers between canine hypothyroidism and a rare DLA class II haplotype that contains the DLA-DQA1*00101 allele. We now report a further series of 173(More)
Identification and development of cell-based assays adapted to medium throughput screening requirements is important when screening chemicals for their potential toxic properties. We describe here rapid fluorometer-based and spectrophotometer-based microplate assays which allow for the evaluation of oxidative stress in hepatocyte cell cultures by(More)
The effects of representative liver enzyme inducers such as clofibrate (CLO), phenobarbital (PB), pregnenolone-16alpha-carbonitrile (PCN), and beta-naphthoflavone (NF) on hepatic microsomal thyroxin (T4)- UDP-glucuronosyl transferase (UGT) and triiodothyronine (T3)- UGT activities and thyroid function were evaluated in OF-1 male mice after a 14-day po(More)