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In this study, combinatorial libraries were used in conjunction with ultrahigh-throughput sequencing to comprehensively determine the impact of each of the 19 possible amino acid substitutions at each residue position in the TEM-1 β-lactamase enzyme. The libraries were introduced into Escherichiacoli, and mutants were selected for ampicillin resistance. The(More)
Environmental estrogens (xenoestrogens) are a diverse group of chemicals that mimic estrogenic actions. Bisphenol A (BPA), a monomer of plastics used in many consumer products, has estrogenic activity in vitro. The pituitary lactotroph is a well established estrogen-responsive cell. The overall objective was to examine the effects of BPA on PRL release and(More)
The anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) bound to CDC20 (APC/C(CDC20)) initiates anaphase by ubiquitylating B-type cyclins and securin. During chromosome bi-orientation, CDC20 assembles with MAD2, BUBR1 and BUB3 into a mitotic checkpoint complex (MCC) that inhibits substrate recruitment to the APC/C. APC/C activation depends on MCC disassembly,(More)
The phosphorylation of a synthetic peptide, corresponding to the C-terminal 11 amino acids of bovine rhodopsin (VII, residues 338-348), was studied under different conditions. The peptide was only phosphorylated in the presence of photoactivated rhodopsin. Using the same protocol, 12 other peptides, mapping in the rhodopsin C-terminal, were screened for(More)
The introduction of extended-spectrum cephalosporins and β-lactamase inhibitors has driven the evolution of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) that possess the ability to hydrolyze these drugs. The evolved TEM ESBLs from clinical isolates of bacteria often contain substitutions that occur in the active site and alter the catalytic properties of the(More)
UNLABELLED Replication and packaging of the rotavirus genome occur in cytoplasmic compartments called viroplasms, which form during virus infection. These processes are orchestrated by yet-to-be-understood complex networks of interactions involving nonstructural proteins (NSPs) 2, 5, and 6 and structural proteins (VPs) 1, 2, 3, and 6. The multifunctional(More)
The Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C) is a ~1.5 MDa multiprotein E3 ligase enzyme that regulates cell division by promoting timely ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis of key cell cycle regulatory proteins. Inhibition of human APC/C CDH1 during interphase by Early Mitotic Inhibitor 1 (EMI1) is essential for accurate coordination of DNA synthesis and(More)
TEM-1 beta-lactamase is the most common plasmid-encoded beta-lactamase in Gram-negative bacteria and is a model class A enzyme. The active site of class A beta-lactamases share several conserved residues including Ser(70), Glu(166), and Asn(170) that coordinate a hydrolytic water involved in deacylation. Unlike Ser(70) and Glu(166), the functional(More)
A large number of beta-lactamases have emerged that are capable of conferring bacterial resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. Comparison of the structural and functional features of this family has refined understanding of the catalytic properties of these enzymes. An arginine residue present at position 244 in TEM-1 beta-lactamase interacts with the(More)
The anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a ~1.5-MDa multiprotein E3 ligase enzyme that regulates cell division by promoting timely ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis of key cell-cycle regulatory proteins. Inhibition of human APC/C(CDH1) during interphase by early mitotic inhibitor 1 (EMI1) is essential for accurate coordination of DNA synthesis and(More)