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To determine whether impaired insulin release from perifused rat islets of vitamin D-deficient (D-def) rats is a result of vitamin D-deficiency specifically or an associated decrease in food intake, we: 1) compared insulin release from islets of vitamin D-def rats with insulin release from islets of pair fed (pf) normal rats, and 2) measured the effects of(More)
We studied the immunogenicity of human insulin in 11 diabetic mothers and their newborns. Serum antibody formation was assayed by two different methods. Upon switching four patients from beef/pork insulin to human insulin, we found that elevated baseline antibody levels in three women decreased, in two to undetectable levels at term. The fourth patient had(More)
We tested retinyl palmitate for in vivo effects in man and in vitro effects on the IM-9 lymphocyte insulin receptor. Intravenous glucose tolerance tests (IVGTT) with 25 g glucose were performed on 10 healthy subjects before and after two intramuscular injections of retinyl palmitate (25,000 IU) 18 hours apart. In 9 of 10 subjects, glucose disposition was(More)
A 35-yr-old woman with Nelson's syndrome presented with amenorrhea and virilization. Serum testosterone (T) concentration was 605 ng/dl and fell to 33 ng/dl when dexamethasone was administered. The MCR of T fell from 1383 to 991 liters/day and the T production rate decreased by 96%. With administration of synthetic ACTH, T concentration rose to 338 ng/dl.(More)
In our previous studies, perifused islets from vitamin D-deficient (D-def) rats showed marked impairment of glucose-induced biphasic release, accounted for at least in part by a decrease in food intake. In studies reported here, we test whether D-def rat islets have an impaired response to 5.6 mM glucose or tolbutamide, (T), and if so, whether this(More)
The case histories are reported of two patients who had persistent spermatogenesis as evidenced by normal semen analyses and fertility in the face of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and testosterone administration. When not receiving testosterone, both men consistently had normal or low serum gonadotropin levels. Since pooled serum testosterone levels were(More)
We studied the effects of vitamin A deficiency and repletion on rat insulin release and islet cellular retinol binding protein (CRBP) and cellular retinoic acid binding protein (CRABP). Biphasic insulin release from vitamin A-deficient perifused islets was markedly impaired. Release remained impaired with retinoic acid (RA) repletion, 2 micrograms/g diet(More)
We studied the effects of retinoids on islet cell-to-cell adhesiveness and glucose-induced insulin release from rat islets. For adhesion studies, islets were dispersed using low concentrations of trypsin. Thirteen cis-retinoic acid (13 cis-RA) was added to a suspension of 15 X 10(5) islet cells and adhesion of cells was quantitated using a hemocytometer.(More)