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Activation of protein kinase B (PKB) by growth factors and hormones has been demonstrated to proceed via phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase). In this report, we show that PKB can also be activated by PKA (cyclic AMP [cAMP]-dependent protein kinase) through a PI3-kinase-independent pathway. Although this activation required phosphorylation of PKB, PKB(More)
In this report we investigated the function of phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) in protein kinase B (PKB) activation and translocation to the cell surface. Wild-type and PDK1 mutants were transfected into HeLa cells, and their subcellular localization was analyzed. PDK1 was found to translocate to the plasma membrane in response to(More)
Activation of protein kinase B (PKB) by growth factors has been demonstrated to proceed via phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase). Here, we show that agents which raise intracellular cAMP can also stimulate PKB. However, this effect is not sensitive to wortmannin, indicating that it is PI3-kinase independent. This activation does not appear to result(More)
The diverse biological actions of insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) are initiated by binding of the polypeptides to their respective cell surface tyrosine kinase receptors. These activated receptors phosphorylate a series of endogenous substrates on tyrosine, amongst which the insulin receptor substrate (IRS) proteins are the best(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the role of protein kinase B (PKB), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K), Bcl-2-associated death protein (BAD) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in normothermic ischaemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced apoptosis in rat liver. METHODS Rats were divided into two groups that received either phosphate-buffered saline(More)
Apoptosis plays an important role in ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury during liver transplantation. The hypoxia-inducible factor alpha (HIF-1alpha) may trigger liver apoptosis following I-R through the induction of hypoxically regulated genes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of normothermic liver I-R on HIF-1alpha expression and apoptosis(More)
Involvement of the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain in the insulin-stimulated activation of protein kinase B (PKB) was investigated in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. Different PKB constructs that contain mutations or deletions in the PH domain were transfected into cells, and the results on the basal and insulin-induced kinase activities were analyzed.(More)
Both MAPK and protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathways promote cell survival and protect against cell death. Here, we show that 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) prevents Fas-induced apoptosis in T lymphocytes. The effect of TPA was specifically abolished by the PKC inhibitor GF109203X and by dominant negative PKCtheta, PKCepsilon, and PKCalpha,(More)
The phosphoregulation of signal transduction pathways is a complex series of reactions that modulate the cellular response to ischemia-reperfusion (I-R). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of normothermic liver I-R on protein tyrosine phosphorylation, production of angiogenic growth factors, and activation of signal proteins in tyrosine kinase(More)
In this study we have investigated the molecular mechanisms of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) action on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene expression. Treatment with insulin or IGF-I for 4 h increased the abundance of VEGF mRNA in NIH3T3 fibroblasts expressing either the human insulin receptor (NIH-IR) or the human IGF-I(More)
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