N F González-Cadavid

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We cloned and characterized a 3.3-kb fragment containing the 5'-regulatory region of the human myostatin gene. The promoter sequence contains putative muscle growth response elements for glucocorticoid, androgen, thyroid hormone, myogenic differentiation factor 1, myocyte enhancer factor 2, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor, and nuclear(More)
Myostatin mutations in mice and cattle are associated with increased muscularity, suggesting that myostatin is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass. To test the hypothesis that myostatin inhibits muscle cell growth, we examined the effects of recombinant myostatin in mouse skeletal muscle C2C12 cells. After verification of the expression of cDNA(More)
Aging is an important risk factor for impotence in men. Because nitric oxide (NO) appears to be the mediator of corpora cavernosal smooth muscle relaxation, we have examined in 5-, 20-, and 30-mo-old rats, designated "adult," "old," and "senescent," respectively, whether aging causes a decrease of erectile response that may correlate with lower NO synthase(More)
The mechanism of the loss of skeletal muscle mass that occurs during spaceflight is not well understood. Myostatin has been proposed as a negative modulator of muscle mass, and IGF-I and IGF-II are known positive regulators of muscle differentiation and growth. We investigated whether muscle loss associated with spaceflight is accompanied by increased(More)
It was recently reported in the rat that vardenafil given in a continuous long-term manner was successful in preventing smooth muscle fibrosis in the penile corpora cavernosa and corporal veno-occlusive dysfunction (CVOD) that occur following bilateral cavernosal nerve resection (BCNR), a model for human erectile dysfunction after radical prostatectomy. To(More)
BACKGROUND Myostatin is a recently discovered member of the TGF-b superfamily of genes. It is expressed in skeletal muscle and believed to suppress muscle growth. Myostatin-null mice develop skeletal muscles that are 2-3x larger than wild type mice. Serum and intramuscular concentrations of myostatin-immunoreactive protein are increased in AIDS-muscle(More)
Erectile dysfunction is mainly due to the inability of the cavernosal smooth muscle of the penis to undergo complete relaxation. In the aging rat model, erectile dysfunction is accompanied by a reduction of penile smooth muscle compliance and, in very old animals, by a decrease in penile nitric oxide synthase (NOS), which is responsible for the synthesis of(More)
Aging-related erectile dysfunction is characterized by a loss of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and fibrosis in the corpora cavernosa, and functionally by corporal veno-occlusive dysfunction (CVOD). Phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5A) inhibitors, in part via upregulating inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2A), have antifibrotic properties in penile tissues. We aimed(More)
Androgens are essential for the expression of normal libido in the male, but their role in the maintenance of the erectile response in humans is controversial. It has been shown previously in the rat that castration induces 1) loss of penile reflexes; and 2) considerable reduction in the erectile response to electric field stimulation (EFS) of the(More)
Long-term treatment in rats with l-NAME, an isoform-non-specific inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), leads to fibrosis of the heart and kidney, suggesting that nitric oxide (NO) may play a role in preventing tissue fibrosis. In this process, a likely target of NO is the quenching of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through peroxynitrite formation, and(More)