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Seven subjects 18 to 66 years old underwent 360 degrees rotation at a constant velocity of 3 degrees/sec, in 27 trials beginning randomly right ear down or left ear down. A camera on the rotating chair photographed both eyes every 10 degrees. Dual projectors measured counterrolling, the image from one projector being aligned and rotated until it was(More)
This paper considers potential problems encountered when using the Kety approach to measure perfusion in small laboratory animals with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) tracer uptake methods: a) the need to measure the arterial input function (AIF) in each animal; b) sensitivity to perfusion heterogeneity; c) sensitivity to low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR);(More)
Flavone acetic acid (FAA), a new drug with broad activity against transplanted solid tumors of mice, induces nonrepairable DNA single strand breaks that correlate with therapeutic efficacy. To test the hypothesis that the inability of the cells to repair single strand breaks is associated with a disruption of tumor energy metabolism, in vivo 31P nuclear(More)
Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging has been used to follow glutathione metabolism and evaluate glutathione heterogeneity in intact tumor tissue. Stable isotope-labeled glutathione was detected in s.c. implanted fibrosarcoma tumors in anesthetized rats following infusion of [2-13C]glycine. Using 1H-decoupled 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy, the(More)
The conduction velocity and other physiological characteristics of the first order horizontal canal afferents were studied in 24 anesthesized cats. From their spontaneous discharge patterns, neurons were classified into three groups: regular, intermediate and irregular; The irregular units tended to have a low resting rate, high sensitivity to angular(More)
Whole-volume tumor perfusion measured using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) observation of deuterated water uptake after intravenous injection and a common arterial input function (AIF) derived from AIF estimates in a small set of animals was compared with perfusion measured by the commonly used microsphere method in rat 9L gliosarcomas. Tumor perfusion(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipose tissue derived stem cells (ADSCs) transplantation has recently gained widespread enthusiasm, particularly in the perspective to use them as potential alternative cell sources for hepatocytes in cell based therapy, mainly because of their capability of hepatogenic differentiation in vitro and in vivo. But some challenges remain to be(More)
The cysteine precursor L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylate (OTZ, procysteine) can raise cysteine concentration, and thus glutathione levels, in some tissues. OTZ has therefore been proposed as a prodrug for combating oxidative stress. We have synthesized stable isotope labeled OTZ (i.e. L-2-oxo-[5-(13)C]-thiazolidine-4-carboxylate, (13)C-OTZ) and tracked its(More)
Noninvasive monitoring of tissue-engineered constructs is an important component in optimizing construct design and assessing therapeutic efficacy. In recent years, cellular and molecular imaging initiatives have spurred the use of iron oxide-based contrast agents in the field of NMR imaging. Although their use in medical research has been widespread, their(More)
Unsuckled mother rats given a 1 h suckling stimulus 3 h after subcutaneous injection of an exact dose of homogonic Strongyloides ratti allow fewer worms to develop in their intestines by day 9 than nulliparous rats (Wilson & Simpson, 1981). This effect is studied in more detail in terms of the length of time between weaning and stimulus (W leads to S) and(More)