N E Morton

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Linkage disequilibrium (LD) provides information about positional cloning, linkage, and evolution that cannot be inferred from other evidence, even when a correct sequence and a linkage map based on more than a handful of families become available. We present theory to construct an LD map for which distances are additive and population-specific maps are(More)
In its expanded form, the fragile X triplet repeat at Xq27.3 gives rise to the most common form of inherited mental retardation, fragile X syndrome. This high population frequency persists despite strong selective pressure against mutation-bearing chromosomes. Males carrying the full mutation rarely reproduce and females heterozygous for the premutation(More)
Typing error is a major problem in constructing human linkage maps, leading to incorrect orders and inflating map lengths. An error filter is incorporated into multiple pairwise analysis that corrects for inflation of map lengths and improves recovery of the correct order. Multipoint mapping is more sensitive to error, but when its output is adjusted for(More)
Traditional models of the genetic transmission of human diseases have often assumed that the phenotype is a simple dichotomous trait, which is unrealistic for many psychiatric conditions, and may result in loss of valuable information. We describe a new model for complex phenotypes, implemented in the program COMDS, which subclassifies normal and affected(More)
Likelihood ratio (LR) tests are provided for the three alternatives to DNA identity: exclusion, coincidence, and kinship. The coincidence test uses the radius of coalescence to conserve the observed frequency of single band phenotypes. Genotype probabilities under kinship are derived for mating groups, specified relatives, and structured populations; and(More)
A model is developed to account for recent molecular observations. It postulates four alleles: normal (N), small rather stable insert (S), larger, unstable insert (Z), and large insert (L). The last-named allele causes the fragile-X phenotype, inactivation of the FMR1 locus by methylation, and mental impairment; the FMR1 locus (for fragile-X mental(More)
We used LDMAP (Maniatis et al. 2002) to analyse SNP data spanning chromosome 22 (Dawson et al. 2002), to obtain a whole-chromosome metric LD map. The LD map, with map distances analogous to the centiMorgan scale of linkage maps, identifies regions of high LD as plateaus ('blocks') and characterises steps which define the relationship between these regions.(More)