N E Liddell

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The hydration rate of CO2 catalyzed by human red cell carbonic anhydrase B is 92 percent reduced by the normal concentrations of chloride and bicarbonate in red cells. This reflects a general sensitivity of this reaction to halides and other anions, up to 87 times greater than the effect on red cell carbonic anhydrase C. The catalytic hydration of CO2 is(More)
An accurate diagnosis of cardiac pathology using TEE is contingent upon the ability to recognize and differentiate normal cardiac structures and normal variants from pathologic conditions. We describe several normal cardiac structures commonly imaged using TEE of the atria, interatrial septum, aorta, valves, and extracardiac spaces that may mimic diverse(More)
The results of glioma chemotherapy obtained so far have been rather disappointing. New attempts have been made to kill glioma cells with autonomic drugs. Experiments were done with rat C-6 glioma cells in the cell culture. Among all cholinergic blockers tested, only the irreversible cholinergic blockers such as bromoacetylcholine (BrACh), iodoacetylcholine(More)
Two carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, acetazolamide and benzolamide, are capable of increasing the toxicity of sodium salicylate in mice. Beginning at about 2 mg/kg, each of the inhibitors, in combination with a fixed (400 mg/kg) dose of salicylate, generates a dose-mortality curve that reaches a plateau at about 60% deaths at 6 to 8 mg/kg. This effect can be(More)
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has advanced rapidly as a valuable cardiovascular diagnostic technique. As the use of TEE increases, so does the importance of well-defined normal cardiac measurements. Presently, few data exist on the accuracy of M-mode TEE-derived measurements. Therefore in 81 adult patients, TEE-derived M-mode measurements were(More)
In preliminary experiments with dogs and cats, unilateral paralysis of the orbicularis oculi muscle group was produced by a section of the seventh nerve that included the posterior auricular branch. Either one of two procedures was then employed in attempts to reinnervate the paralyzed eyelid. In one group of animals, a neuromuscular pedicle was employed(More)