N. Delorme

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Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) is an important regulator of the thyroid cell function. This cytokine has been largely described to trigger an important biological signaling cascade: the sphingomyelin/ceramide pathway. In this report, we show that IL-1beta induces the transient activation of a neutral sphingomyelinase in porcine thyroid cells. Moreover,(More)
Disturbances in hormonal systems involved in sodium and water homeostasis are common during respiratory insufficiency. To investigate the role of hypercapnia, we designed a study to examine the hormonal response to acute hypercapnia induced at constant cardiac filling pressures and without hypoxemia. Seven sedated patients with COPD receiving mechanical(More)
Thrombospondins belong to a family of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins widely found from embryonic to adult tissues. The modular structure of thrombospondins contains a series of peptide sequences implicated in a multiplicity of biological functions. Extracellular matrix undergoes important alterations under proteolysis that occurs in pathological(More)
This study was undertaken in 23 patients with chronic lung disease to determine whether local wedge pressure variability is related to the state of the local perfusion as observed in distal wedge angiograms. We also compared the variability of the pressures obtained after distal (mechanical) and proximal (balloon inflation) wedging of a catheter in three to(More)
Understanding the impact of noise on marine fauna at the population level requires knowledge about the vulnerability of different life-stages. Here we provide the first evidence that noise exposure during larval development produces body malformations in marine invertebrates. Scallop larvae exposed to playbacks of seismic pulses showed significant(More)
In an attempt to elucidate the origin of the so-called idiopathic spontaneous pneumothorax (ISP), clinical examination, pulmonary function tests, and computed tomography (CT) with visual quantification and density analysis were performed in 20 young patients two months after an ISP episode. Twenty controls were recruited for CT. The chest roentgenograms(More)
Two cases of adult respiratory distress syndrome were treated in a series of 26 patients suffering from colchicine overdose. The syndrome appeared between the 24th and 72nd hours. It was characterized by the presence of interstitial as well as alveolar oedema seen on chest roentgenograms. Haemodynamic investigation showed a hyperkinetic state with moderate(More)