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Understanding the impact of noise on marine fauna at the population level requires knowledge about the vulnerability of different life-stages. Here we provide the first evidence that noise exposure during larval development produces body malformations in marine invertebrates. Scallop larvae exposed to playbacks of seismic pulses showed significant(More)
In an attempt to elucidate the origin of the so-called idiopathic spontaneous pneumothorax (ISP), clinical examination, pulmonary function tests, and computed tomography (CT) with visual quantification and density analysis were performed in 20 young patients two months after an ISP episode. Twenty controls were recruited for CT. The chest roentgenograms(More)
Thrombospondins belong to a family of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins widely found from embryonic to adult tissues. The modular structure of thrombospondins contains a series of peptide sequences implicated in a multiplicity of biological functions. Extracellular matrix undergoes important alterations under proteolysis that occurs in pathological(More)
Cold urticaria is characterized by the development of urticaria, usually superficial and/or angioedematous reaction after cold contact. It was found predominantly in young women. The diagnosis is based on the history and ice cube test. Patients with a negative ice cube test may have represented systemic cold urticaria (atypical acquired cold urticaria)(More)
Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) is an important regulator of the thyroid cell function. This cytokine has been largely described to trigger an important biological signaling cascade: the sphingomyelin/ceramide pathway. In this report, we show that IL-1beta induces the transient activation of a neutral sphingomyelinase in porcine thyroid cells. Moreover,(More)
Disturbances in hormonal systems involved in sodium and water homeostasis are common during respiratory insufficiency. To investigate the role of hypercapnia, we designed a study to examine the hormonal response to acute hypercapnia induced at constant cardiac filling pressures and without hypoxemia. Seven sedated patients with COPD receiving mechanical(More)
This study was undertaken in 23 patients with chronic lung disease to determine whether local wedge pressure variability is related to the state of the local perfusion as observed in distal wedge angiograms. We also compared the variability of the pressures obtained after distal (mechanical) and proximal (balloon inflation) wedging of a catheter in three to(More)