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Odors influence human behavior. The perception of so-called pheromones is frequently mentioned in the context of a functional vomeronasal organ. Vomeronasal ducts can be detected in approximately half of the population. Its functionality, still a matter of debate, seems to be unlikely, at least after birth. It is easily conceivable that pheromone-induced(More)
Olfactory loss is among early signs of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). The present pilot study aimed to investigate whether this loss would be reflected in a decreased volume of the olfactory bulb (OB) established through magnetic resonance imaging. Eleven consecutive IPD patients were compared to 9 healthy, age-matched controls. Results indicated(More)
The human vomeronasal duct (VND) is described as a tubular or pouch-like mucosal invagination of the anterior nasal septum. This study investigated shape, size and orientation of the VND using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Fifteen subjects participated (eight women, seven men; mean age 39 years, age range 18-66 years); they had been pre-selected with(More)
OBJECTIVE Using multidisciplinary treatment modalities the majority of children with cancer can be cured but we are increasingly faced with therapy-related toxicities. We studied brain morphology and neurocognitive functions in adolescent and young adult survivors of childhood acute, low and standard risk lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), which was successfully(More)
The olfactory bulb (OB) is considered to be the most important relay station in odor processing. The present study aimed to investigate the volumetric development of the human bulb and the olfactory function during childhood and youth. Furthermore, the present study aimed to investigate a possible correlation between OB volume and specific olfactory(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental and initial clinical studies suggest that transplantation of circulating blood- (CPC) or bone marrow-derived (BMC) progenitor cells may beneficially affect postinfarction remodeling processes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). To relate functional characteristics of the infused cells to quantitative measures of outcome at(More)
Differentiation of progenitor cells into neurons in the olfactory bulb depends on olfactory stimulation that can lead to an increase in olfactory bulb volume. In this study, we investigated whether the human olfactory bulb volume increases with increasing olfactory function due to treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis. Nineteen patients with chronic(More)
The olfactory system and especially the olfactory bulb (OB) as the first relay in the olfactory system represent highly plastic structures. For example, OB volume partly reflects the degree of afferent neural activity. Research indicates that smell deficits leading to a reduced sensory input result in structural changes at the level of the OB. Reduced OB(More)
UNLABELLED Background. In some species an embryologic cavity inside the olfactory bulb (OB) persists and is called olfactory bulb ventricle (OBV). It is generally assumed that OBVs in humans are solitary findings representing remnants of embryologic structures that were not fully regressed, although the incidence of OBVs was never examined. Using magnetic(More)
UNLABELLED Integrated scanners capable of simultaneous positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data acquisition are now available for human use. Although the scanners' manufacturers have made substantial efforts to understand and minimize the mutual electromagnetic interference between the 2 modalities, the potential(More)