Learn More
Bonamia ostreae is a protozoan parasite of the flat oyster, Ostrea edulis, which has caused significant loss of oysters in Europe over the last decade. B. ostreae was purified from infected flat oysters and DNA was extracted. The nearly complete small subunit rDNA gene of B. ostreae was amplified using universal oligonucleotides and the PCR product was(More)
Concomitant sporadic high mortalities were reported in France in May 1994 among batches of hatchery-reared larval Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas and European flat oysters Ostrea edulis in 2 hatcheries, and in June and July 1994 among batches of cultured spat of both species in a shellfish nursery. Histological observation showed the presence of cellular(More)
Two cases of haplosporidian infection occurred during 1993 in Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas from the French Atlantic coast. The localization and ultrastructure of the plasmodia are described. In situ hybridization of infected tissue sections was conducted with DNA probes for oyster-infecting haplosporidians. The Haplosporidium nelsoni-specific DNA probe(More)
A two-step gradient centrifugation with Percoll and Ficoll successively as density medium was developed to separate European flat oyster, Ostrea edulis, haemocytes into three sub-populations representing granulocytes, large hyalinocytes and small hyalinocytes, respectively. After a Percoll gradient centrifugation, granulocytes and agranulocytes were(More)
As part of a disease resistance experiment, 112 apparently healthy European flat oysters Ostrea edulis L. were exported from Canada (Nova Scotia) into France to test their susceptibility to Bonamia ostreae infection. Twelve oysters died in transit and 17 others died within 2 wk of laboratory quarantine acclimation. All oysters were examined histologically,(More)
Considering the economic importance of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas to the French shellfish industry, the appearance of major diseases in this species could cause dramatic decreases in production. Suminoe oysters, of the non-indigenous species Crassostrea rivularis (Gould), were introduced into France to test their ability to adapt to local(More)
Progeny of eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, introduced into France in 1992, were reared in IFREMER facilities to test their growth performances. During the summer of 1993, sporadic mass mortalities (80-90%) occurred among C. virginica spat reared in the IFREMER laboratories in La Tremblade (Charente Maritime, France) and Bouin (Vendée, France).(More)
  • 1