Learn More
Two classes of genes were identified in three Gramineae (maize, rice, barley) and six dicots (Arabidopsis, soybean, pea, tobacco, tomato, potato). One class, the GC-rich class, contained genes with no, or few, short introns. In contrast, the GC-poor class contained genes with numerous, long introns. The similarity of the properties of each class, as present(More)
Recent investigations showed that most maize genes are present in compositional fractions of nuclear DNA that cover only a 1-2% GC (molar fraction of guanosine plus cytosine in DNA) range and represent only 10-20% of the genome. These fractions, which correspond to compositional genome compartments that are distributed on all chromosomes, were collectively(More)
In unicellular species codon usage is determined by mutational biases and natural selection. Among prokaryotes, the influence of these factors is different if the genome is skewed towards AT or GC, since in AT-rich organisms translational selection is absent. On the other hand, in AT-rich unicellular eukaryotes the two factors are present. In order to(More)
Buoyant density profiles of high-molecular-weight DNAs sedimented in CsCl gradients, i.e., compositional distributions of 50- to 100-kb genomic fragments, have revealed a clear difference between the murids so far studied and most other mammals, including other rodents. Sequence analyses have revealed other, related, compositional differences between murids(More)
Previous investigations from our laboratory showed that the genomes of plants, like those of vertebrates, are mosaics of isochores, i.e., of very long DNA segments that are compositionally homogeneous and that can be subdivided into a small number of families characterized by different GC levels (GC is the mole fraction of guanine+cytosine). Compositional(More)
The base composition patterns of genes, coding sequences and gene expression levels were analyzed in the available long sequences (contigs) of Arabidopsis. Chromosome 5 was analyzed in detail and all chromosomes for which sequence data are now available show essentially the same large-scale compositional properties. Guanine+cytosine levels of genes and of(More)
In order to increase the efficiency of cacao tree resistance to witches' broom disease, which is caused by Moniliophthora perniciosa (Tricholomataceae), we looked for molecular markers that could help in the selection of resistant cacao genotypes. Among the different markers useful for developing marker-assisted selection, single nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
GC level distributions of a species' nuclear genome, or of its compositional fractions, encode key information on structural and functional properties of the genome and on its evolution. They can be calculated either from absorbance profiles of the DNA in CsCl density gradients at sedimentation equilibrium, or by scanning long contigs of largely sequenced(More)
  • 1