N. B. Tarusova

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DNA-directed RNA polymerase from Escherichia coli can break down RNA by catalysing the reverse of the reaction: NTP + (RNA)n = (RNA)n+1 + PPi where n indicates the number of nucleotide residues in the RNA molecule, to yield nucleoside triphosphates. This reaction requires the ternary complex of the polymerase with template DNA and the RNA that it has(More)
The antiviral activity of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxynucleoside 5'-phosphate analogues: 5'-phosphonomethylene-3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine, 5'-methylphosphonate and 5'-phosphite of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine, 5'-phosphites of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxyadenosine and guanosine was investigated in HIV-infected cell cultures (human lymphoblastoid cells). The(More)
Processive pyrophosphorolysis of RNA from ternary RNA polymerase-nascent RNA-delta D111 T7 DNA complex has been followed in the absence of nucleoside triphosphates. Series of inorganic pyrophosphate analogs were investigated for their ability to sustain the reaction and to compete with inorganic pyrophosphate for the reaction. Methylenediphosphonic,(More)
The inorganic pyrophosphatase activity was determined in different tissues of mice. The immunization of mice by sheep erythrocytes increased the inorganic pyrophosphatase activity of the spleen. The in vivo administration of bisphosphonates (40 mg per 1 g of mass), which are structural analogs of inorganic pyrophosphate (methylene bisphosphonic acid--MBPA,(More)
Methanediphosphonate and 12 analogs thereof with different substituents at the carbon atom are potent competitive inhibitors of highly purified rat liver and bovine heart inorganic pyrophosphatases. The inhibition constants for the most effective diphosphonates, which contain an NH2 or OH group at the bridge carbon atom, are in the micromolar range. Yeast(More)
3'(2')-O-acyl derivatives of the uridine triphosphate were synthesized. Acyl residues contained fluorescent dye; fluoresceine or rodamine C. Optical properties and stability of UTP analogues were studied. Their ability to serve as the substrates for calf thymus terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase and E. coli RNA polymerase was also examined. It was(More)
5'-Phosphites (5'-hydrogenphosphonates) of 3'-azido-2'-, 3'-dideoxynucleosides are shown to be effective inhibitors of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) in MT4 cell culture. 5'-Phosphite of 3'-azido-2', 3'-dideoxythymidine was the most active among these compounds and even a little more active as compared to the well-known anti-AIDS drug(More)
The effects of bis(adenosyl-5′)oligophosphates on cation conductance-promoting ATP receptors at the somatic membrane of rat sensory ganglia neurons were investigated. Both bis(adenosyl-5′)tetraphosphate and bis(adenosyl-5′)pentaphosphate act as partial agonists of ATP receptors at saturating concentration and activate ionic currents of almost one order of(More)
A number of nucleoside 5'-phosphonates and nucleoside 5'-methylphosphonates were synthesised, to study their ability to inhibit reproduction of HIV-1. Three compounds, 5'-hydrogen phosphonates of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine (AZT-HP, IVc), 3'-fluoro-2',3'-dideoxythymidine (FLT-HP, IVa) and 2',3'-dideoxyadenosine (ddA-HP, I), exhibit potent anti-HIV-1(More)
The interaction of rat liver Ac-CoA-carboxylase with reactive and stable analogs of carbon dioxide and phosphoric acid mixed anhydrides--hypothetic intermediate of the enzyme reaction--has been studied. Carbamoylphosphate showed substrate properties, whereas phosphonacetic acid and beta-oxopropyl-alpha, alpha-diphosphonate inhibited this enzyme (Ki 3.0 and(More)