N B Tarusova

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The antiviral activity of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxynucleoside 5'-phosphate analogues: 5'-phosphonomethylene-3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine, 5'-methylphosphonate and 5'-phosphite of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine, 5'-phosphites of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxyadenosine and guanosine was investigated in HIV-infected cell cultures (human lymphoblastoid cells). The(More)
Processive pyrophosphorolysis of RNA from ternary RNA polymerase-nascent RNA-delta D111 T7 DNA complex has been followed in the absence of nucleoside triphosphates. Series of inorganic pyrophosphate analogs were investigated for their ability to sustain the reaction and to compete with inorganic pyrophosphate for the reaction. Methylenediphosphonic,(More)
DNA-directed RNA polymerase from Escherichia coli can break down RNA by catalysing the reverse of the reaction: NTP + (RNA)n = (RNA)n+1 + PPi where n indicates the number of nucleotide residues in the RNA molecule, to yield nucleoside triphosphates. This reaction requires the ternary complex of the polymerase with template DNA and the RNA that it has(More)
Anti-HIV activity and cytotoxicity were tested for novel phosphonate derivatives of AZT, d4T and ddA. For d4T phosphonate derivatives the most active was 2',3'-Dideoxy-2',3'-didehydrothymidine 5'-isopropylphosphite and among the AZT phosphonate derivatives highest activity was shown by 2',3'-Dideoxy-3'-azidothymidine 5'-cyclohexylphosphite.
Bovine tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (E.C.6.1.1.2) lacking Zn2+ ions removed by chelation with phosphonate analog of P1,P4-bis-(5'-adenosyl)tetraphosphate (Ap4A) was obtained (E-Zn). E-Zn lost the ability to form tryptophanyl adenylate, however it hydrolyses ATP to ADP and further on to AMP and Pi. GTP serves as a substrate with Km approximately 0.6 mM. It(More)
Comparative study of DNA biosynthesis inhibition, catalyzed by avian myeloblastose virus (AMV) reverse transcriptase (RT), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) recombinant and native RT, has been performed. 3'-Azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine 5'-triphosphate (AzTTP); 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine 5'-methylenephosphonate-diphosphate:(More)
The modification of tyrosine residues of the human placenta DNA-polymerase alpha by N-acetylimidazole was investigated. The poly(dT)-template and the r(pA)10-primer a each added separately or simultaneously do not influence the rate of enzyme inactivation. In the presence of poly(dT)-r(pA)10 no effect of dCTP and dTTP (noncomplementary to template) and of(More)
A number of nucleoside 5'-phosphonates and nucleoside 5'-methylphosphonates were synthesised, to study their ability to inhibit reproduction of HIV-1. Three compounds, 5'-hydrogen phosphonates of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine (AZT-HP, IVc), 3'-fluoro-2',3'-dideoxythymidine (FLT-HP, IVa) and 2',3'-dideoxyadenosine (ddA-HP, I), exhibit potent anti-HIV-1(More)
5'-Phosphites (5'-hydrogenphosphonates) of 3'-azido-2'-, 3'-dideoxynucleosides are shown to be effective inhibitors of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) in MT4 cell culture. 5'-Phosphite of 3'-azido-2', 3'-dideoxythymidine was the most active among these compounds and even a little more active as compared to the well-known anti-AIDS drug(More)
5'-Phosphites (5'-hydrogenphosphonates) of 2',3'-dideoxynucleosides (T, A, G, C) were synthesized and studied as inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in MT4 and CEM13 cell cultures. It was shown that all 5'-phosphites effectively inhibit the production of viral antigens and protect cells from the cytotoxic effect of HIV infection.(More)