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Using quantitative zymography, we measured activity of the type IV collagenases metalloprotease 2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in 192 biopsies from colorectal carcinomas, adenomas, and normal bowel. The median level of MMP-9 in samples from Dukes' stage A (n = 18) or C (n = 48) tumors was significantly higher than in stage B carcinomas (n = 65), adenomas (n = 25), and(More)
Two EIAs (Medgenix and Quantikine) and a bioassay were used to measure tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) in serum samples from 73 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-seropositive patients and in samples from 2 control groups. All clinical groups of HIV-1-infected patients, regardless of concurrent illness, had significantly elevated levels of(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that cytokines are major participants in human reproduction. Cytokines may have beneficial or negative influence on pregnancy outcome, depending on the cytokine level present. Thus, successful reproduction appears to depend on a tight regulation of cytokine activities. The present study raised the question whether normal(More)
We investigated the in vivo effects of one bolus injection (400 mg/kg) of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) on a number of cytokines, soluble cytokine receptors, and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) in plasma in 12 patients with primary hypogammaglobulinemia. A significant and rapid increase in plasma levels of IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis(More)
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a cytotoxic member of the TNF family. Some reports have shown that TRAIL is released from cells in a soluble form. In this work, we have investigated the mechanism of release of TRAIL from monocytes. First, we show that whole gram-positive, gram-negative and mycoplasmal bacteria as(More)
We studied the expression of the two tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptors, p55 and p75, on B cells from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and the presence of soluble TNF receptors in serum. Expression of membrane-associated receptors was quantified by double labeling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with monoclonal antibodies(More)
Because persistent tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha activation may play a pathogenic role in human immunodeficiency virus infection, TNF component levels were assessed over 78 weeks in plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) during highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 40 HIV-infected patients. HAART induced a significant decline in(More)
Immunoassays were established for the detection of the 55 kDa and 75 kDa tumour necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) fragments present in urine. The immunoassays were based on pairs of monoclonal TNFR antibodies directed against different epitopes of the 55 kDa and 75 kDa TNFRs. The immunoassays were judged to be specific for unoccupied TNFR since the signals(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a part of the Gram-negative bacteria cell wall, is a potent inducer of tumor necrosis factor (TNF). TNF is an important mediator in Gram-negative infections such as meningococcal septic shock, but its harmful action can be prevented by the natural occurring soluble (s) TNF receptors (sTNFR) sp55 and sp75. In this study, the effect(More)
The relationships between serum levels of soluble tumor necrosis factor receptors (sTNFRs) and other prognostic and immunological parameters in different immunological subgroups of 64 HIV-1 infected patients were studied. In the patient group as a whole, the raised serum levels of sTNFRs were significantly inversely correlated to the numbers of CD4+ and(More)