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Recent studies have proposed a link between impaired nephrogenesis, decreased activity of the renin-angiotensin system and the onset of hypertension in rats exposed in the uterus to a maternal low-protein diet. However, there is no detailed information about renal function in this model; hence the aim of the present study was to assess renal function in(More)
Renal failure and end-stage renal disease are prevalent diseases associated with high levels of morbidity and mortality, the preferred treatment for which is kidney transplantation. However, the gulf between supply and demand for kidneys remains high and is growing every year. A potential alternative to the transplantation of mature adult kidneys is the(More)
Prenatally programmed hypertension induced by maternal protein restriction is associated with increased expression of the renal tubular Na+/K+/2Cl- co-transporter (NKCC2) and the Na+/Cl- co-transporter (NCC). This has led to the suggestion that renal Na+ retention contributes to the development of hypertension in the LP rat (offspring exposed to a maternal(More)
Pregnancy is characterized by a complexity of metabolic processes that may impact fetal development and ultimately, infant health outcomes. However, our understanding of whole body maternal and fetal metabolism during this critical life stage remains incomplete. The objective of this study is to utilize metabolomics to profile longitudinal patterns of(More)
  • N Ashton
  • 2000
A growing body of evidence supports the concept of fetal programming in cardiovascular disease in man, which asserts that an insult experienced in utero exerts a long-term influence on cardiovascular function, leading to disease in adulthood. However, this hypothesis is not universally accepted, hence animal models may be of value in determining potential(More)
Low birth weight humans and rats exposed to a low-protein diet in utero have reduced bone mineral content. Renal calcium loss during the period of rapid skeletal growth is associated with bone loss. Because young rats exposed to low protein display altered renal function, we tested the hypothesis that renal calcium excretion is perturbed in this model.(More)
BACKGROUND Transplantation of embryonic kidneys (metanephroi) offers a potential solution to the problem of kidney donor shortage. The aim of this study was to characterise the haemodynamic capacity of transplanted rat metanephroi and to determine the number and maturity of the tubules. METHODS Metanephroi from E15 Lewis rat embryos were transplanted(More)
In the rat, protein restriction during pregnancy increases offspring blood pressure by 20-30 mmHg. We have shown in an earlier study that this is associated with a reduction in nephron number and increased glomerular sensitivity to angiotensin II (Ang II) in vivo. Hence, we hypothesized that exposure to a maternal low-protein diet increases glomerular Ang(More)
We have previously reported that chloroquine administration increases plasma vasopressin concentration and urinary sodium excretion in Sprague-Dawley rats. Because chloroquine has also been shown to stimulate nitric oxide production, the aim of this study was to determine whether nitric oxide mediates chloroquine-induced changes in renal function and(More)
Developmental programming of hypertension, induced by maternal protein restriction, is associated with enhanced urinary excretion of sodium and calcium in the rat. Although calcium and magnesium are reabsorbed via different pathways, renal calcium excretion often parallels magnesium output. Accordingly, the aim of the current study was to assess magnesium(More)