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Electrical stimulation (ES) of lumbosacral nerve roots using a needle electrode inserted to the laminar level at the midline of Th12-L1 or L1-2 intervertebral interspace, was compared with magnetic stimulation using a 9-cm diameter coil (MCS) at the L3-4 or L4-5 spine levels, Compound muscle action potentials (CMAP) were superficially recorded from(More)
Levodopa has been used to treat some painful conditions and found to be effective in neuropathic pain due to herpes zoster in a double-blind study. From our anecdotal observations about the efficacy of levodopa on diabetic neuropathic pain, we designed a double-blind placebo-controlled study to test levodopa in painful diabetic neuropathy. Twenty-five(More)
STUDY DESIGN This prospective study includes normal control subjects and patients with focal lesions of the spinal cord investigated by transcranial magnetic stimulation. OBJECTIVES To establish a stable method to elicit motor evoked potentials from cervical to lumbar segmental levels and to apply the method that would allow the localization in patients(More)
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