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BACKGROUND Myocardial perfusion reserve can be noninvasively assessed with cardiovascular MR. In this study, the diagnostic accuracy of this technique for the detection of significant coronary artery stenosis was evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS In 15 patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease and 5 patients without significant coronary artery(More)
AIMS Magnetic resonance (MR) first-pass myocardial perfusion imaging during hyperaemia detects coronary artery stenoses in humans with test sensitivity depending on contrast medium (CM)-induced signal change in myocardium. In this prospective multi-centre study, the effect of CM dose on myocardial signal change and on diagnostic performance was evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND Perfusion-cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is generally accepted as an alternative to SPECT to assess myocardial ischemia non-invasively. However its performance vs gated-SPECT and in sub-populations is not fully established. The goal was to compare in a multicenter setting the diagnostic performance of perfusion-CMR and gated-SPECT for(More)
BACKGROUND Aldosterone and angiotensin (Ang) II both may cause organ damage. Circulating aldosterone is produced in the adrenals; however, local cardiac synthesis has been reported. Aldosterone concentrations depend on the activity of aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2). We tested the hypothesis that reducing aldosterone by inhibiting CYP11B2 or by adrenalectomy(More)
About one-half of double transgenic rats (dTGR) overexpressing the human renin and angiotensinogen genes die by age 7 wk of terminal heart failure (THF); the other (preterminal) one-half develop cardiac damage but survive. Our study's aim was to elucidate cardiac gene expression differences in dTGR-THF compared with dTGR showing compensated cardiac(More)
Currently, adenosine or dipyridamole is commonly used for the assessment of perfusion reserve. With intolerance to these agents, dobutamine can be used alternatively or it can be used for a combined examination of wall motion and perfusion. The aim of the study was to analyze the feasibility of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to assess perfusion(More)
Myocardial perfusion images can be affected by the dark rim artifact. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the spatial resolution and heart rate on the transmural extent of the artifact. Six pigs under anesthesia were scanned at 1.5T using an echo-planar imaging/fast gradient echo sequence with a nonselective saturation preparation pulse. Three(More)
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