Learn More
To evaluate whether hypocretin-1 (orexin-A) and melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) neurotransmission are affected in patients with Huntington disease (HD), we immunohistochemically stained hypocretin and MCH neurons and estimated their total numbers in the lateral hypothalamus of both HD patients and matched controls. In addition, hypocretin-1 levels were(More)
BACKGROUND Huntington's disease (HD) is a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder caused by an increased number of CAG repeats in the HTT gene. Apart from neurological impairment, the disease is also accompanied by progressive weight loss, abnormalities in fat and glucose homeostasis and a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus, the causes of which are(More)
Sleep disturbances are very prevalent in Huntington's disease (HD) patients and can substantially impair their quality of life. Accumulating evidence suggests considerable dysfunction of the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the biological clock, in both HD patients and transgenic mouse models of the disease. As melatonin has a major role in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Age at onset of diagnostic motor manifestations in Huntington disease (HD) is strongly correlated with an expanded CAG trinucleotide repeat. The length of the normal CAG repeat allele has been reported also to influence age at onset, in interaction with the expanded allele. Due to profound implications for disease mechanism and modification, we(More)
OBJECTIVE The somatotropic axis (growth hormone [GH] and insulinlike growth factor I [IGFI]) play a role in the cognitive deficits seen with aging, GH deficiency, and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer disease. We recently reported elevations in basal plasma GH and IGFI levels in patients with Huntington disease (HD). Here, our objective was to(More)
OBJECTIVE Sleep disturbances are a prominent feature of Huntington's disease (HD) and can substantially impair patients' quality of life. However, sleep complaints and their association with other symptoms and signs of HD have not yet been assessed in large groups of patients or premanifest mutation carriers. Therefore, we aimed to delineate the nature of(More)
To evaluate whether central histaminergic signaling in Huntington's disease (HD) patients is affected, we assessed mRNA levels of histidine decarboxylase (HDC), volume of and neuron number in the hypothalamic tuberomamillary nucleus (TMN) (HD n = 8, controls n = 8). In addition, we assessed histamine N-methyltransferase (HMT) and histamine receptor (H(1) R,(More)
Hypocretin deficiency causes narcolepsy. It is unknown whether melatonin secretion is affected in this sleep disorder. Therefore, in both narcolepsy patients and matched controls, the authors measured plasma melatonin levels hourly for 24 h before and after 5 days of sodium oxybate (SXB) administration. Although mean melatonin concentrations were similar(More)
Neuroendocrine, metabolic and autonomic nervous system dysfunctions are prevalent among patients with Huntington's disease (HD) and may underlie symptoms such as depression, weight loss and autonomic failure. Using post-mortem paraffin-embedded tissue, we assessed the integrity of the major neuropeptide populations in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN)-the(More)
In Huntington disease (HD), hypothalamic neuropeptidergic systems are not equally affected at the peptide and mRNA levels. Because prohormone convertases (PCs) are critically involved in the conversion of propeptides into their active forms, we postulated that a decrease in PC expression may underlie these discrepancies. Therefore, we assessed the(More)