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Although endocannabinoids constitute one of the first lines of defense against pain, the anatomical locus and the precise receptor mechanisms underlying cannabinergic modulation of pain are uncertain. Clinical exploitation of the system is severely hindered by the cognitive deficits, memory impairment, motor disturbances and psychotropic effects resulting(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the diagnostic performance of PET with the amyloid ligand Pittsburgh compound B (PiB-PET) to fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) in discriminating between Alzheimer disease (AD) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). METHODS Patients meeting clinical criteria for AD (n = 62) and FTLD (n = 45) underwent PiB and FDG-PET. PiB scans were(More)
Proximal tubule cells of the kidney contain, on their apical surface, an amiloride-sensitive Na/H antiporter that functions in Na reabsorption and proton secretion. We have investigated the localization of the antiporter in a cloned cell line of porcine renal origin, LLC-PK1/Cl4, which is often considered to be a useful model of the proximal tubule.(More)
Cognitive impairment is frequently observed in epileptic patients. It has been seen that not only epilepsy but antiepileptic drugs also impair cognitive functions. The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of three anticonvulsants viz. lamotrigine (5mg/kg, p.o.), oxcarbazepine (15mg/kg, p.o.) and topiramate (10mg/kg, p.o.) on cognitive function(More)
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), a ligand-gated cation channel highly expressed in small-diameter sensory neurons, is activated by heat, protons, and capsaicin. The phosphorylation of TRPV1 provides a versatile regulation of intracellular calcium levels and is critical for TRPV1 function in responding to a pain stimulus. We have previously(More)
Pain is one of the most severe and debilitating symptoms associated with several forms of cancer. Various types of carcinomas and sarcomas metastasize to skeletal bones and cause spontaneous bone pain and hyperalgesia, which is accompanied by bone degradation and remodeling of peripheral nerves. Despite recent advances, the molecular mechanisms underlying(More)
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder affecting 1% population worldwide. A number of experimental studies have reported anticonvulsant, neuroprotective and antioxidant activity of certain natural products like curcumin, an active ingredient of turmeric. The present study was designed to explore the effect of acute administration of curcumin at doses(More)
The phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway is activated in cancer by genetic or epigenetic events and efforts are under way to develop targeted therapies. phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) tumor suppressor is the major brake of the pathway and a common target for inactivation in glioblastoma, one of the most(More)
The use of Cre-loxP technology for conditional mutagenesis in pain pathways had been restricted by the unavailability of mice expressing Cre recombinase selectively in functionally distinct components of the nociceptive system. Here we describe the generation of transgenic mouse lines which express Cre recombinase selectively in sensory ganglia using(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The ubiquitous use of the Internet by the public in an attempt to better understand their health care requires the on-line resources written at an appropriate level to maximize comprehension for the average user. The National Institutes of Health and the American Medical Association recommend on-line patient education resources(More)