N. A. Mullan

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Escherichia coli P16 was shown to produce two heat-stable toxins (ST) with differing biological activity. The toxins were separated by methanol extraction, and the first, STa, was methanol soluble, partially heat stable, active in neonatal piglets (1 to 3 days old) and infant mice, but inactive in weaned pigs (7 to 9 weeks old); the second, STb, was(More)
Macrophages were isolated from the mammary glands of non-lactating (dry) cows and their ability to phagocytose and kill staphylococci in vitro assessed. Normal bovine serum enhanced the uptake of staphylococci and was required for optimal killing in the bactericidal test. Dry gland secretion interfered with uptake. Secretions taken progressively into the(More)
A comparison of the prevalence of health anxiety in genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics in two UK centres was carried out using a new rating scale, the Health Anxiety Inventory (HAI). The relationship of health anxiety to demographic and clinical variables, and its impact on service contacts, was also examined in one of these centres. 694 patients were(More)
The ability of antisera to lipid A, induced in rabbits by immunization with lipid A complexed to various carriers, to protect mice against gram-negative infection and to inhibit the fluid loss caused by an enteropathogenic strain of Escherichia coli in the piglet ligated gut was investigated. No significant protection was obtained in either case, although(More)
BACKGROUND It is known that mental illness is associated with increased suicide risk. It has been postulated that suicidality may be an independent clinical phenomenon and we investigate whether variability of mood may be a mediator of this. METHODS Fifty-three psychiatric inpatients were assessed on the Montgomery-Asberg depression rating scale, once(More)
Colonic inflammation in Clostridium difficile infection is mediated by released toxins A and B. We investigated responses to C. difficile toxins A and B by isolated primary human colonic myofibroblasts, which represent a distinct subpopulation of mucosal cells that are normally located below the intestinal epithelium. Following incubation with either(More)
Infant rabbits were shown to respond to Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin by a consistent increase in intestinal fluid content, which was maximal 5 h after oral dosing. Infant rabbits could be used in a simple quantitative assay for heat-labile E. coli enterotoxin based on the ratios of gut weight to remaining body weight 5 h after oral dosing.(More)