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CT and MR imaging showed basal ganglia calcification that appeared as high signal intensity on T1-weighted images of a patient with pseudohypoparathyroidism. MR imaging of an experimental model of calcium phosphate suspensions showed a signal similar to that seen in the patient. Additionally, T1 and T2 relaxation times of the solutions were measured and(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether cerebral atrophy in systemic lupus erythematosus is associated with decreased levels of the neuronal marker N-acetyl-aspartic acid. METHODS Two groups of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus were studied, those with significant atrophy (n = 11) and those without significant atrophy (n = 10), using proton MR spectroscopy(More)
Metabolic imaging reflecting glucose metabolism in the glycolytic and aldose reductase sorbitol (ARS) pathways was performed noninvasively in rat using fluorinated glucose analogs, 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-FDG) or 3-fluoro-3-deoxy-D-glucose (3-FDG), and fluorine-19 (19F) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging. 19F images of 2-FDG-6-phosphate, a main(More)
Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy is a noninvasive technique allowing the localized, in vivo detection of proton-containing brain metabolites. We used this technique to study eight patients with cerebral infarction or ischemia. A stimulated echo-pulse sequence with chemical shift imaging was used to acquire spectra from multiple contiguous 4-cc(More)
13C NMR of isotopically enriched metabolites has been used to study the metabolism of Microbacterium ammoniaphilum, a bacterium which excretes large quantities of L-glutamic acid into the medium. Biosynthesis from 90% [1-13C]glucose results in relatively high specificity of the label, with [2,4-13C2]glutamate as the major product. The predominant(More)
Effects of the sampling rate on spatial resolution and the signal-to-noise ratio in spin-echo MR imaging were calculated. The theoretical results suggest that as T2* decreases, due to either static magnetic field inhomogeneities or shortened T2 relaxation times, the calculated optimum sampling rate increases accordingly. Since biological tissues exhibit(More)
The magnetic properties and water dynamics of human red blood cells were examined by analysis of the water proton spectra of suspensions of oxygenated, deoxygenated, carbon monoxide-treated, and methemoglobin-containing cells at a magnetic field strength of 7.05 T. Total lineshape analysis of spectra from deoxygenated red blood cell suspensions was(More)
Asymmetric 7 T proton NMR signals of water in RBC suspensions containing intracellular deoxyhemoglobin are composites of chemically shifted extracellular and intracellular resonances broadened by gradient diffusion and modulated by transmembrane water exchange. This allows assessment of field dependences of acute hematoma intensities in proton MRIs at lower(More)