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Metabolic imaging reflecting glucose metabolism in the glycolytic and aldose reductase sorbitol (ARS) pathways was performed noninvasively in rat using fluorinated glucose analogs, 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-FDG) or 3-fluoro-3-deoxy-D-glucose (3-FDG), and fluorine-19 (19F) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging. 19F images of 2-FDG-6-phosphate, a main… (More)
Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy is a noninvasive technique allowing the localized, in vivo detection of proton-containing brain metabolites. We used this technique to study eight patients with cerebral infarction or ischemia. A stimulated echo-pulse sequence with chemical shift imaging was used to acquire spectra from multiple contiguous 4-cc… (More)
CT and MR imaging showed basal ganglia calcification that appeared as high signal intensity on T1-weighted images of a patient with pseudohypoparathyroidism. MR imaging of an experimental model of calcium phosphate suspensions showed a signal similar to that seen in the patient. Additionally, T1 and T2 relaxation times of the solutions were measured and… (More)
The magnetic properties and water dynamics of human red blood cells were examined by analysis of the water proton spectra of suspensions of oxygenated, deoxygenated, carbon monoxide-treated, and methemoglobin-containing cells at a magnetic field strength of 7.05 T. Total lineshape analysis of spectra from deoxygenated red blood cell suspensions was… (More)
Asymmetric 7 T proton NMR signals of water in RBC suspensions containing intracellular deoxyhemoglobin are composites of chemically shifted extracellular and intracellular resonances broadened by gradient diffusion and modulated by transmembrane water exchange. This allows assessment of field dependences of acute hematoma intensities in proton MRIs at lower… (More)
Effects of the sampling rate on spatial resolution and the signal-to-noise ratio in spin-echo MR imaging were calculated. The theoretical results suggest that as T2* decreases, due to either static magnetic field inhomogeneities or shortened T2 relaxation times, the calculated optimum sampling rate increases accordingly. Since biological tissues exhibit… (More)
PURPOSE To determine whether cerebral atrophy in systemic lupus erythematosus is associated with decreased levels of the neuronal marker N-acetyl-aspartic acid. METHODS Two groups of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus were studied, those with significant atrophy (n = 11) and those without significant atrophy (n = 10), using proton MR spectroscopy… (More)
The tissue distribution of sodium ions which generate triple-quantum coherence (TQC) in vivo is determined from images. A technique for filtering conventional sodium images, so that signal is obtained only from sodium ions which have a correlation time appropriate for producing TQC, is described. The utility of TQC-filtered sodium images is demonstrated in… (More)
The 31P NMR of aqueous [Dy(P3O10)2]7- demonstrates that it is in slow exchange with P3O5-10 on the NMR time scale. In the presence of tissue, [Dy(P3O10)2]7- decomposes to PO4 with an accompanying slow change of the tissue 23Na NMR of extracellular Na+ ion in several NMR distinguishable extracellular sites.
Carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance studies were made on mouse hemoglobin specifically labeled at the C-2 histidine position. Measurement of the spin lattice relaxation times of the label before and after hemolysis of the erythrocytes provides information on the intracellular fluid viscosities.