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Density functional calculations are performed to identify features observed in STM experiments after phosphine (PH3) dosing of the Si(001) surface. On the basis of a comprehensive survey of possible structures, energetics, and simulated STM images, three prominent STM features are assigned to structures containing surface bound PH2, PH, and P, respectively.(More)
The fracture of tetrahedral amorphous carbon at the nanoscale was investigated with molecular dynamics simulations using the environment-dependent interatomic potential. It was found that the fracture strength of amorphous carbon nanospecimens is insensitive to initial cracks with diameters smaller than about 40 Å, i.e., the material exhibits flaw tolerance(More)
Extending chip performance beyond current limits of miniaturisation requires new materials and functionalities that integrate well with the silicon platform. Germanium fits these requirements and has been proposed as a high-mobility channel material, a light emitting medium in silicon-integrated lasers, and a plasmonic conductor for bio-sensing. Common to(More)
A detailed atomic-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and density functional theory study of the adsorption, dissociation, and surface diffusion of phosphine (PH(3)) on Si(001) is presented. Adsorbate coverages from approximately 0.01 monolayer to saturation are investigated, and adsorption is performed at room temperature and 120 K. It is shown(More)
A B S T R A C T Molecular dynamics simulation is used to study radiation damage cascades in graphite. High statistical precision is obtained by sampling a wide energy range (100–2500 eV) and a large number of initial directions of the primary knock-on atom. Chemical bonding is described using the Environment Dependent Interaction Potential for carbon.(More)
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