N A Flaris

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The development of spinal cord circuitry in humans is poorly characterized, primarily because standard anatomical tracers must be actively transported, which requires living tissue. Intensely fluorescent lipid-soluble tracers have largely eliminated this problem, at least for circuits that can be traced over short distances. We have, therefore, used the(More)
The neurotrophins (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, and NT-4) provide trophic support to subpopulations of neurons in the central and peripheral nervous systems. We examined organotypic slices of neonatal mouse striatum maintained in medium supplemented with neurotrophins or with CNTF to determine which of these factors influence the survivability of striatal neurons.(More)
Cell-surface carbohydrate epitopes are important determinants in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, and oligosaccharide groups are structural components of many growth factor receptors and cell adhesion molecules. These epitopes may participate in the regulation of stem cell proliferation and differentiation during central nervous system development.(More)
We analyzed 31 patients with intracranial ependymoma, all verified by secondary neuropathology review. There were 12 patients with ependymomas and 19 patients with anaplastic ependymoma by the WHO classification. Eight patients received craniospinal irradiation, 22 patients received cranial irradiation alone, and one patient was treated with chemotherapy(More)
Five patients with rapidly evolving, severe weakness had an unusual myopathy with virtually complete loss of myosin in 5 to 40% of muscle fibers. Three of the 5 patients began to develop weakness 1 to 2 weeks after lung transplantation. The fourth became weak after a febrile illness. The fifth presented with diabetic ketoacidosis and weakness. All patients(More)
We evaluated a 69-year-old man with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (IgM-kappa M-protein) and progressive weakness over 2 to 3 years. The neurological examination showed symmetrical, predominantly proximal weakness. Electrophysiological testing revealed small brief motor unit potentials with fibrillations and positive sharp waves consistent with an(More)
Attempts to treat Parkinson's disease with grafts of chromaffin cells to the caudate nucleus have recently generated considerable interest. However, it is not known whether chromaffin cells can innervate the human central nervous system. We have directly addressed this question by measuring neurite outgrowth in cultures of normal adult human chromaffin(More)
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