Learn More
Cephalosporin production by Streptomyces clavuligerus is known to be negatively regulated by carbon sources, e.g., glycerol and starch, and by phosphate at high concentrations. Formation of lysine ɛ-aminotransferase (LAT) activity, the first enzyme of the biosynthetic pathway, was affected by a high concentration of carbon source. Whereas 3% starch more(More)
The L-lysine ɛ-aminotransferase (LAT) of Streptomyces clavuligerus was partially purified and characterized. The 51.3-kDa enzyme exhibited optimal activity at pH 7.0–7.5 and 30°C. It catalyzed transfer of the terminal amino group of L-lysine or L-ornithine to α -ketoglutarate. Oxalacetate and pyruvate were also used as acceptors of the amino group but with(More)
L-Lysine epsilon-aminotransferase (LAT) catalyzes the first reaction in the two-step conversion of L-lysine (Lys) to 1-alpha-aminoadipic acid (Aaa), a direct precursor of cephalosporins (including cephamycin C) in Streptomyces clavuligerus. Previous work showed that addition of Lys to chemically defined medium improved antibiotic production. We show that in(More)
Genetic diversity and genetic relationships among 42 Pseudomonas stutzeri strains belonging to several genomovars and isolated from different sources were investigated in an examination of 20 metabolic enzymes by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis analysis. Forty-two distinct allele profiles were identified, indicating that all multilocus genotypes were(More)
Flow cytometry has become a valuable tool in food microbiology. By analysing large numbers of cells individually using light-scattering and fluorescence measurements, this technique reveals both cellular characteristics and the levels of cellular components. Flow cytometry has been developed to rapidly enumerate microorganisms; to distinguish between(More)
Streptomyces clavuligerus, Streptomyces lipmanii and Nocardia (formerly Streptomyces) lactamdurans are Gram-positive mycelial bacteria that produce medically important beta-lactam antibiotics (penicillins and cephalosporins including cephamycins) that are synthesized through a series of reactions starting from lysine, cysteine and valine. L-lysine(More)
The L-lysine epsilon-aminotransferase (LAT) of Streptomyces clavuligerus was partially purified and characterized. The 51.3-kDa enzyme exhibited optimal activity at pH 7.0-7.5 and 30 degrees C. It catalyzed transfer of the terminal amino group of L-lysine or L-ornithine to alpha-ketoglutarate. Oxalacetate and pyruvate were also used as acceptors of the(More)
The addition of glucose or other sugars to resting cells of Serratia maurcescens induced rapid acidification of the extracellular medium. This acidification was due to the catabolism of sugars. The rate of acidification depended on the carbon source and its concentration. HPLC analysis of the supernatants demonstrated that the progressive fall in pH(More)
The synthesis of prodigiosin by non-proliferating cells of Serratia marcescens was examined at various pH values between 5.5 and 9.5. During incubation in unbuffered medium, pH changed and prodigiosin production was similar regardless of the initial pH. Variations in pigment production were noted when buffers were employed in cultures of non-proliferating(More)
Cactophilic Drosophila species provide a valuable model to study gene-environment interactions and ecological adaptation. Drosophila buzzatii and Drosophila mojavensis are two cactophilic species that belong to the repleta group, but have very different geographical distributions and primary host plants. To investigate the genomic basis of ecological(More)