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Developmental changes in norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and epinephrine (E) contents of the rat metencephalon, mesencephalon and diencephalon, have been measured by high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection, from fetal stages (E15 or E17 to E21) to postnatal days (P0 to P30) and compared to the adult levels. The data show a(More)
To explore a possible differential role of distinct catecholamine (CA) innervation sites in corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) secretion, especially under stress conditions, we compared the effects in adult female rats of selective CA denervation of either the whole hypothalamus, by a discrete pharmacological lesion of the ventral noradrenergic ascending(More)
The effect of somatostatin (SRIF) on VIP induction of SRIF secretion, cyclic AMP accumulation and 45Ca2+ influx was investigated in cultured diencephalic cells. [D-Trp8]SRIF suppressed VIP-stimulated SRIF release and decreased VIP-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation in a dose-dependent manner. SRIF-14 blocked basal and VIP-stimulated 45Ca2+ entry into cells.(More)
In order to study the involvement of the hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in catecholamine-induced adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) secretion, we have measured CRF levels in rat hypophysial portal blood (HPB) after the pharmacological destruction of the ventral noradrenergic bundle (VNAB), using 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) stereotaxically injected(More)
1. There is evidence to suggest that adenosine may regulate arterial smooth muscle cell (SMC) growth and proliferation, which is a key event in atherogenesis. This regulation may be mediated via adenylate cyclase. As diabetes is a known risk factor for atherosclerosis, we investigated the growth of aortic SMC from diabetic rats in primary culture and their(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether improvements in cardiovascular risk factors, as observed in energy-balance conditions after exchanging carbohydrates (CHO) for monounsaturated (MUFA) fats, are also observed in energy-restricted conditions. DESIGN Longitudinal, clinical intervention study using two types of energy-restricted diets (-30% of initial energy(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for atherosclerosis. In atherosclerotic lesions, arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) change from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype characterized by active proliferation. A similar phenotype modulation occurs in vitro when isolated arterial SMC are grown in culture and is characterized by both changes in cell(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM In type 2 diabetes, the interplay between cells and inflammatory mediators up-regulates CD36 expression in macrophages. The aim of this work was to investigate advanced glycation end products (AGE)-induced CD36 expression and its regulation by insulin in aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from Goto-Kakisaki (GK) rats, a non-obese(More)
We examined the effect of non-neuronal cells on somatostatin release from cultured cerebral cortical cells. Three culture models were used: (1) neuron-enriched cultures obtained from cortex of 17-day-old rat embryos and exposed to 10 microM cytosine arabinoside (Ara C) for 48 h between days 3 and 5 after plating; (2) whole cell cultures obtained by using(More)
Nine Type I diabetic patients were randomized to a double-blind therapeutic trial divided into two study periods of 35 d with either 1 g vitamin E/d or a placebo. Platelet function was estimated at baseline and after treatment from ADP-induced platelet aggregation tests and from generation of oxidative products (TXB2, 12 HETE, and malondialdehyde) after(More)