Nöel Peretti

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Lipoprotein assembly is critical for the intestinal absorption of dietary lipids and of fat-soluble vitamins. Through their inhibition of chylomicron secretion, mutations of the Sar1B gene coding for Sar1 GTPase are associated with chylomicron retention disease (CRD). The aim of this study was to describe the phenotypic expression of CRD in two clinically(More)
Low-grade inflammation observed in obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Recent studies revealed that this would be linked to gut-derived endotoxemia during fat digestion in high-fat diets, but nothing is known about the effect of lipid composition. The study was designed to test the impact of oil composition of high-fat diets on endotoxin(More)
Anderson disease (and/or chylomicron retention disease-CMRD) is a rare, autosomic recessive disorder characterized by chronic diarrhea, failure to thrive, and hypocholesterolemia in childhood. The specific molecular defect was identified in 2003 and consists of mutations in the SAR1B gene which encodes for intracellular Sar1b protein. To date, only 8(More)
Metabolic diseases such as obesity are characterized by a subclinical inflammatory state that contributes to the development of insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. Recent reports also indicate that (i) there are alterations of the intestinal microbiota in metabolic diseases and (ii) absorption of endogenous endotoxins (namely lipopolysaccharides, LPS)(More)
Familial hypocholesterolemia, namely abetalipoproteinemia, hypobetalipoproteinemia and chylomicron retention disease (CRD), are rare genetic diseases that cause malnutrition, failure to thrive, growth failure and vitamin E deficiency, as well as other complications. Recently, the gene implicated in CRD was identified. The diagnosis is often delayed because(More)
Cholesterol uptake and the mechanisms that regulate cholesterol translocation from the intestinal lumen into enterocytes remain for the most part unclear. Since scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) has been suggested to play a role in cholesterol absorption, we investigated cellular SR-BI modulation by various potential effectors administered in both(More)
OBJECTIVE The association of celiac disease (CD) and type 1 diabetes is now clearly documented. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) antitransglutaminase antibodies were measured to determine the prevalence of celiac disease in a diabetic population of children and to determine the temporal relationship between type 1 diabetes onset and CD. METHODS We measured IgA(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Various studies have delineated the causal role of dietary cholesterol in atherogenesis. Strategies have thus been developed to minimize cholesterol absorption, and cholesterol transport proteins found at the apical membrane of enterocytes have been extensively investigated. This review focuses on recent progress related to various(More)
Dietary intake of long-chain n-3 PUFA is now widely advised for public health and in medical practice. However, PUFA are highly prone to oxidation, producing potentially deleterious 4-hydroxy-2-alkenals. Even so, the impact of consuming oxidized n-3 PUFA on metabolic oxidative stress and inflammation is poorly described. We therefore studied such effects(More)
OBJECTIVE The diagnosis of coeliac disease (CD) is often delayed because many children are free from the major symptoms characteristic of this enteropathy. The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of antibodies directed against tissue transglutaminase (tTG Abs) for early detection of CD in a population with few symptoms of the disease, as(More)