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We constructed a linkage map of Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera, Apidae) phase unknown. The map contains 79 markers (six microsatellite and 73 RAPD markers) in 21 linkage groups and spans over 953.1 cM. The minimal recombinational size of the B. terrestris genome was estimated to be 1073 cM. Using flow cytometry, the physical size of the haploid genome of B.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that the clinical genesis and onset of facial wrinkles as well as the morphology of the extracellular matrix differ between the sexes. The aim of this present clinical study was to do the first systematic assessment of gender-related differences in skin elasticity, with special focus on age-related changes. MATERIAL(More)
OBJECTIVES Evidence is given that differences in skin physiological properties exist between men and women. However, despite an assessable number of available publications, the results are still inconsistent. Therefore, the aim of this clinical study is the first systematic assessment of gender-related differences in skin physiology in men and women, with a(More)
The protection against water loss and the prevention of substances and bacteria penetrating into the body rank as the most important functions of the skin. This so-called 'skin barrier function' is the natural frontier between the inner organism and the environment, and is primarily formed by the epidermis. An impairment of the skin barrier function is(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Modern men have changed their beauty and grooming habits, which has resulted in an increasing demand for cosmetics for men. However, very little information is available about the dermatological needs of male skin. Therefore, the aim of this present clinical study was to conduct the first systematic assessment of the skin physiology of(More)
A convenient and general method for the synthesis in 26-73% yields of a new series of 7-alkyl(aryl/heteroaryl)-2-amino-5-trifluoromethyl-1,8-naphthyridines from direct cyclocondensation reactions of 4-alkoxy-1,1,1-trifluoroalk-3-en-2-ones [CF₃C(O)CH=C(R¹)OR, where R¹ = H, Me, Ph, 4-MePh, 4-OMePh, 4-FPh, 4-BrPh, 4-NO₂Ph, 2-furyl, 2-thienyl and R = Me, Et](More)
BACKGROUND Urea is a well-known humectant. The aim of our study was to evaluate the in vivo effect of 10% urea lacquer on nail quality. METHODS 60 healthy probands with brittle nails were included in a randomized, controlled study. The nail lacquer was applied once (n=30) or twice daily (n=30) on one hand for 28 days, while the other hand served as(More)
BACKGROUND Skin and hair appearance is important to body image. Oily skin and oily, impaired hair quality, which can develop in women taking certain types of hormonal contraceptives, may cause psychosocial stress. OBJECTIVES The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of an oral monophasic contraceptive (0.03 mg ethinylestradiol/2 mg(More)
It is generally stated that drinking plenty of water has a positive influence on skin condition. However, there is no published scientific study that has investigated this matter. The aim of our exploratory 'before-after' study was to evaluate the in vivo influence of drinking more than 2 L of mineral water or ordinary tap water per day on skin physiology.(More)
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