Néstor Toledo

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The aim of this study is to analyze shape variation in the xenarthran femur to gain insights into their behavior and locomotion. Specimens of both Cingulata (armadillos and glyptodonts) and Pilosa (anteaters and sloths) were studied and within each group body mass varies by several orders of magnitude. The main focus of the analysis was allometric variation(More)
Early Miocene sloths are represented by a diversity of forms ranging from 38 to 95 kg. Their forelimb bones differ in shape from those of their closest living relatives (less than 10 kg), Bradypus and Choloepus. Such differences in shape could be related to differences in substrate preference (arboreal, semiarboreal, or ground-dwelling) or substrate use(More)
Early Miocene sloths are represented by a diversity of forms ranging from 38 to 95 kg, being registered mainly from Santacrucian Age deposits in southern-most shores of Patagonia, Argentina. Their postcranial skeleton differs markedly in shape from those of their closest living relatives (arboreal forms of less than 10 kg), Bradypus and Choloepus. In order(More)
This article presents a morphofunctional analysis of the hind limb of Santacrucian (Early Miocene) sloths from southernmost Patagonia (Argentina). These fossil sloths were mid sized to large animals, ranging from 40 to 120 kg, and their postcranial skeleton was markedly different in shape compared with that of extant tree sloths, which vary from 2 to 10 kg.(More)
Recommended Citation Grass, Andy Darrell. "Inferring lifestyle and locomotor habits of extinct sloths through scapula morphology and implications for convergent evolution in extant sloths. ii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I am extremely grateful to my thesis committee, for working with me all these years on this project, and others. I am also extremely grateful to the(More)
The forelimb of †Cyonasua sp. (Procyonidae, Carnivora): ecomorphological interpretation in the context of carnivorans ABSTRACT: The procyonid †Cyonasua is endemic to South America and recorded from the Late Miocene to the Early Pleistocene. This paper studies the forelimb of †Cyonasua sp. (late Pliocene of Miramar, Argentina), using an ecomorphological(More)
The analysis of the hyoid apparatus of fossil xenarthrans provides insight on the form of the tongue and its function in food intake and intraoral processing. The hyoid apparatus of xenarthrans is notable for fusion among its elements. The presence of a V-bone, a complex consisting of fused basihyal and thyrohyal bones, is a consistent and probably(More)
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