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In the present study, the phenolic (Folin-Dennis) and flavonoid (colorimetric assay) constituents, antioxidant [2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl hydrate (DPPH) assay] and cytotoxic activities of an aqueous extract (AE) of Centella asiatica leaves were investigated. The aqueous extract (50 g/L) was obtained by infusion followed by cold maceration for 24 h. The(More)
An absent response to the niacin skin test has been reported to occur in about 80% of schizophrenic patients, as compared to 20% of healthy individuals. Niacin provokes redness in skin caused by a capillary vasodilatation mediated by prostaglandins. The metabolism of prostaglandins is regulated by the enzyme phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Several studies have(More)
In the present study the phenolic (Folin-Dennis) and flavonoid (colorimetric assay) constituents and the antioxidant activity of Pterodon emarginatus seeds were investigated in several samples prepared with different extraction procedures: essential oil (EO) using a Clevenger-type apparatus; hexanic (HF), ethyl acetate (EAF), buthanolic (BF) and methanolic(More)
Phospholipases A2 (PLA2) are a family of key enzymes in the metabolism of membrane phospholipids. Several studies reported on increased blood and brain PLA2 activity in schizophrenia, which suggest a disordered phospholipid metabolism in the disease. In addition, a genetic variant of a cytosolic PLA2 gene has been reported to be associated with(More)
Phospholipase A2 (Pla2) is required for memory retrieval, and its inhibition in the hippocampus has been reported to impair memory acquisition in rats. Moreover, cognitive decline and memory deficits showed to be reduced in animal models after lithium treatment, prompting us to evaluate possible links between Pla2, lithium and memory. Here, we evaluated the(More)
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