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OBJECTIVE To confirm previous evidence suggesting an association between autism and low vitamin D serum levels. METHODS This preliminary exploratory study assessed the circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) in pediatric patients with autism and in typically developing controls from Juiz de Fora, Brazil. RESULTS Serum levels of 25-OHD were(More)
INTRODUCTION Modifications in neurotrophins, neuropeptides, cytokines and nitric oxide (NO) levels in autism may represent different biological aspects of the disease. In the present study we investigate simultaneously all these variables as an attempt to clarify their interrelationships in autism. METHODS Plasma levels of vasoactive intestinal peptide(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of rosuvastatin on renal injury and inflammation in a model of nitric oxide deficiency. METHODS Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10/group) and treated for 28 days with saline (CTRL); 30 mg/kg/day L-NAME (L-name); L-NAME and 20 mg/kg/day rosuvastatin(More)
Skin pigmentation disorders typically involve an overproduction or uneven distribution of melanin, which results in skin spots. Resveratrol can inhibit tyrosinase, the active enzyme in the synthesis of melanin, but it does not inhibit the synthesis of melanin to an extent that enables its use alone as a skin whitening agent in pharmaceutical formulations,(More)
Pfaffia glomerata (Spreng.) Pedersen, known worldwide as Brazilian ginseng, has an important commercial value due to its pharmaceutical properties. In addition to the newly described karyological traits and the first estimation of DNA content, this study reports a protocol for the successful induction of tetraploidy. Natural diploid individuals (2n = 34)(More)
BACKGROUND MWCNT and CNF are interesting NPs that possess great potential for applications in various fields such as water treatment, reinforcement materials and medical devices. However, the rapid dissemination of NPs can impact the environment and in the human health. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the MWCNT and cotton CNF toxicological(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate fatty acid plasma levels, phospholipase A2 activity, and the developmental profiles of children with autism vs. control subjects. METHODS Twenty four children with autism underwent laboratory analysis for fatty acid quantification using gas chromatography and PLA2 activity determination by fluorometric assay. RESULTS No correlation(More)
Due to high neutral lipids accumulation in the cytoplasm, in vitro-produced embryos from Bos primigenius indicus and their crosses are more sensitive to chilling and cryopreservation than those from Bos primigenius taurus. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of trans-10, cis- 12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on the development(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this work was to investigate whether increased activity of the enzyme phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) in the brain, as frequently reported in schizophrenia, is also related to psychosis in epilepsy. Our working hypothesis was based on the increased prevalence of schizophrenia-like psychosis in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE)(More)
Dermatophytoses are mycoses that affect keratinized tissues in both humans and animals. The aim of this study was to investigate the antifungal activity of the oleoresin extracted from Copaifera langsdorffii Desf. against the strains Microsporum canis ATCC 32903, Microsporum gypseum ATCC 14683, Trichophyton mentagrophytes ATCC 11481 and Trichophyton rubrum(More)