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We have previously used antibodies to the NG2 proteoglycan and the alpha receptor for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF alpha receptor) to identify oligodendroglial progenitor cells in vivo and in vitro. It has recently become evident that the GD3 antigen, which has been widely used as a marker for oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, is also expressed by(More)
The current treatment for metastatic gastric cancer (MGC) consists of cisplatin and/or fluorouracil (5-FU) based combination chemotherapy, but cisplatin-based regimens are associated with considerable toxicity. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of a noncisplatin-, non-5-FU-containing regimen, docetaxel/irinotecan in MGC. Chemo-naive patients with MGC(More)
The results of two phase III clinical trials have recently shown that interferon-beta (IFNbeta) is effective in the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Treatment with IFNbeta results in a significant decrease in the rate of clinical relapse and a marked delay in progression to disability compared to placebo-treated control patients.(More)
Recombinant interferon beta (IFNbeta) benefits patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), but the mechanisms of action are unknown. We studied in vivo immunologic effects of IFNbeta treatment and their relationship to clinical efficacy. Cytokines were measured in blood and CSF from MS patients participating in a placebo-controlled phase III(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an animal model for multiple sclerosis (MS) mediated by T cells responding to CNS myelin proteins. Immunization of SWXJ mice with the immunodominant p139-151 peptide of myelin proteolipid protein (PLP) results in a relapsing-remitting pattern of EAE characterized by incomplete remyelination during clinical(More)
The development of autoimmune disease is accompanied by the acquired recognition of new self-determinants, a process commonly referred to as determinant spreading. In this study, we addressed the question of whether determinant spreading is pathogenic for progression of chronic-relapsing experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a disease with many(More)
Mice lacking JIP1, a scaffold protein that organizes JNK pathway components, were constructed independently by two groups. The proposed in vivo function, however, remains contradictory; One study reported that targeted disruption of the jip1 caused embryonic death due to the requirement of JIP1 for fertilized eggs (Thompson et al. [2001] J. Biol. Chem.(More)
IFN-beta has been shown to be effective in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the primary mechanism by which IFN-beta mediates its therapeutic effect remains unclear. Recent studies indicate that under defined conditions, IFN-beta may downregulate DC expression of IL-12. We and others have shown that IFN-beta may also downregulate IL-10. In(More)
Chronic progression of autoimmune disease is accompanied by the acquisition of autoreactivity to new self-determinants. Recent evidence indicates that this process, commonly referred to as determinant spreading, may be pathogenic for chronicity. Our studies on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a murine model widely used in multiple sclerosis(More)
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