Myung Sik Lee

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BACKGROUND Chorea associated with non-ketotic hyperglycemia and high signal intensity lesions on T1-weighted brain magnetic resonance images (C-H-BG) is recognized as a unique syndrome that affects elderly women exclusively. However, its overall clinical features are unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS The literature describing patients with C-H-BG from 1985 to(More)
We investigated neuronal number and size in the pars compacta of the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) in Parkinson's disease (PD). In PD, the number of Luxol fast blue (LFB) neurons was reduced by 27% from the mean control value (p=0.04) and the cholinergic (choline acetyltransferase, ChAT-positive) neuron number was reduced by 36% (p=0.03). In addition to(More)
The pathology of Parkinson's disease (PD) is not confined to the brainstem regions, but spreads to involve the neocortical areas. Using surface-based cortical thickness analysis, we studied the topographical distribution of cortical thinning in nondemented patients with mild PD. The high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies were performed in(More)
The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) is located in the dorso-lateral part of the ponto-mesencephalic tegmentum. The PPN is composed of two groups of neurons: one containing acetylcholine, and the other containing non-cholinergic neurotransmitters (GABA, glutamate). The PPN is connected reciprocally with the limbic system, the basal ganglia nuclei (globus(More)
Mutations in five PARK genes (SNCA, PARKIN, DJ-1, PINK1, and LRRK2) are well-established genetic causes of Parkinson disease (PD). Recently, G2385R substitution in LRRK2 has been determined as a susceptibility allele in Asian PD. The objective of this study is to determine the frequency of mutations in these PARK genes in a Korean early-onset Parkinson(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the in vivo cortical spreading pattern of tau and amyloid and to establish positron emission tomography (PET) image-based tau staging in the Alzheimer disease (AD) spectrum. METHODS We included 195 participants (53 AD, 52 amnestic mild cognitive impairment [MCI], 23 nonamnestic MCI, and 67 healthy controls) who underwent 2 PET scans(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCAs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by degenerative symptoms in the cerebellum, spinal cord, and brain stem. Six different genes have been reported to be associated with ADCA, and the length of trinucleotide repeats of these genes is correlated with the age at onset and severity of symptoms.(More)
In order to gain insight into the expression profiles of the earthworm midgut, we analyzed 1106 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) derived from the earthworm midgut cDNA library. Among the 1106 ESTs analyzed, 557 (50.4%) ESTs showed significant similarity to known genes and represented 229 unique genes of which 166 ESTs were singletons and 63 ESTs manifest as(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the topographical distribution of tau pathology and its effect on functional and structural changes in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) by using (18)F-AV-1451 PET. METHODS We included 20 patients with AD, 15 patients with MCI, and 20 healthy controls, and performed neuropsychological(More)
BACKGROUND Half of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) develop dementia. We studied topographic distribution of cerebral hypometabolism in PD with different types of MCI. METHODS This study included 61 nondemented PD patients and 14 age-matched controls. PD patients were grouped into normal cognition (PD-NC, n = 20),(More)