Myung Shin K Sim

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PURPOSE The CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) may be associated with development of malignancy through coordinated inactivation of tumor suppressor and tumor-related genes (TRG) and methylation of multiple noncoding, methylated-in-tumor (MINT) loci. These epigenetic changes create a distinct CIMP pattern that has been linked to recurrence and survival(More)
Gene expression signatures for a basal-like breast cancer (BLBC) subtype have been associated with poor clinical outcomes, but a molecular basis for this disease remains unclear. Here, we report overexpression of the transcription factor FOXC1 as a consistent feature of BLBC compared with other molecular subtypes of breast cancer. Elevated FOXC1 expression(More)
Hypermethylation of the promoter region of tumor-related genes (TRGs) has been shown to silence gene expression during melanoma progression, whereas microRNA-29(miR-29) has been found to downregulate DNA methyltransferases DNMT3A and DNMT3B which were shown as essential to the methylation of TRGs. We hypothesized that the expression level of miR-29 is(More)
Aberrations in the methylation status of noncoding genomic repeat DNA sequences and specific gene promoter region are important epigenetic events in melanoma progression. Promoter methylation status in long interspersed nucleotide element-1 (LINE-1) and absent in melanoma-1 (AIM1; 6q21) associated with melanoma progression and disease outcome was assessed.(More)
BACKGROUND The 7th edition of the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual (AJCC-7) includes substantial changes for colon cancer (CC), which are particularly complex in patients with stage II and III disease. We used a national cancer database to determine if these changes improved prediction of survival. STUDY DESIGN The database of the Surveillance, Epidemiology and(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancers are considered prognostically more favorable than ER-negative tumors, whereas human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)2/neu-positive breast cancers are associated with worse prognosis. The objective of the present study was to determine whether ER-positive and ER-negative status relates to epigenetic(More)
Expression of specific breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) is seen in aggressive tumors, but their regulation is unclear. Epigenetic changes influence gene expression and are implicated in breast cancer progression. We hypothesized that promoter methylation regulates specific BCSC-related genes [CD44, CD133, CD24, MSH1 (alias, Musashi-1), and ALDH1] and that(More)
BACKGROUND Melanoma liver metastasis is most often fatal, with a 4- to 6-month median overall survival (OS). Over the past 20 years, surgical techniques have improved in parallel with more effective systemic therapies. We reviewed our institutional experience of hepatic melanoma metastases. STUDY DESIGN Overall and disease-specific survivals were(More)
Primary breast cancers that overexpress human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 have variable biological features and clinical outcomes. A subgroup of HER2-overexpressing tumors that express basal-like immunohistochemical markers—the so-called basal-HER2+ subtype—is associated with poor prognosis. We investigated the clinical relevance of this basal-HER2+(More)
The ability to distinguish benign from atypical/malignant papillary lesions on core needle biopsy is limited by the representative nature of the biopsy method, thus follow-up excision is usually recommended. We aimed to determine if larger samples of tissue obtained by core needle biopsy can more reliably predict the true benign nature of a papilloma. We(More)