Myung Koo Lee

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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) ligands have been demonstrated to inhibit growth of several cancer cells. Here, we investigated whether one of the PPAR-gamma ligands, 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15-deoxy-PGJ2) inhibits cell growth of two human neuroblastoma cells (SK-N-SH and SK-N-MC) in a PPAR-gamma-dependent manner.(More)
A bioassay-guided isolation of the ethanol extract from the fruits of Piper longum yielded a known piperidine alkaloid, piperine, as a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor. Piperine showed an inhibitory effect against MAO-A (IC50 value: 20.9 microM) and MAO-B (IC50 value: 7.0 microM). Kinetic analyses by a Lineweaver-Burk plot clearly indicated that piperine(More)
Seven flavonoids were isolated from the whole plants and fruits of Cayratia japonica through the activity-guided isolation of a methanol extract using a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibition assay as a monitor. The chemical structures of the isolates were assigned as apigenin-7-O-beta-D-glucuronopyranoside (1), apigenin (2), luteolin (3),(More)
The effects of 15-deoxy-delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15-deoxy PGJ2) on ochratoxin A (OTA)-induced neurotoxicity and on the activation of transcription factors activator protein-1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) were investigated in cultured rat embryonic midbrain cells. Twelve-day rat embryo midbrain cells were cultured for 48 h. OTA (0.5 or 1(More)
Prion diseases are associated with the conformational conversion of the physiological form of cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) to the pathogenic form, PrP(Sc). Compounds that inhibit this process by blocking conversion to the PrP(Sc) could provide useful anti-prion therapies. However, no suitable drugs have been identified to date. To identify novel(More)
In this study, the effects of herbal ethanol extracts of Gynostemma pentaphyllum (GP-EX), on chronic electric footshock (EF) stress-induced anxiety disorders were investigated in mice, which were orally treated with GP-EX (30 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg) once a day for 14 days, followed by exposure to EF stress (2 mA, with an interval and duration of 10 s for 3(More)
In our search for monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors from natural resources, we found that the methanol extract of the roots of Sophora flavescens showed an inhibitory effect on mouse brain monoamine oxidase (MAO). Bioactivity-guided isolation of the extract yielded two known flavonoids, formononetin (1) and kushenol F (2), as active compounds along with(More)
The anti-inflammatory activity of alpha-viniferin, a trimer of resveratrol, has been demonstrated in an animal model of carrageenin-induced paw edema, and inhibitory effects of the compound on cyclooxygenase (COX) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) have been investigated in order to understand the mode of the observed action. alpha-Viniferin at(More)
Sodium/myo-inositol cotransporter-1 (SMIT-1) is one of the transporters responsible for importing myo-inositol (MI) into the cells. MI is a precursor for a family of signal transduction molecules, phosphatidylinositol, and its derivatives that regulates many cellular functions. SMIT-1 null mice died soon after birth due to respiratory failure, but neonatal(More)