Mysore R Sandhya Rani

Learn More
We report preliminary characterization of a gene designated beta-R1, which is selectively expressed in response to interferon beta (IFN-beta) compared with IFN-alpha. In human astrocytoma cells, beta-R1 was induced to an equivalent extent by 10 IU/mL IFN-beta or 2500 IU/mL IFN-alpha2. To address the mechanism of this differential response, we analyzed(More)
Type I IFNs are used for treating viral, neoplastic, and inflammatory disorders. The protein products encoded by IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) likely mediate clinical effects of IFN in patients. Macroarray assays, used for studying ISG induction in IFN-treated patients, comprise genes identified predominantly through analysis of long-term cell lines. To(More)
This article focuses on the production of chemokines by resident glial cells of the nervous system. We describe studies in two distinct categories of inflammation within the nervous system: immune-mediated inflammation as seen in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) or multiple sclerosis (MS) and post-traumatic inflammation. We provide evidence(More)
CC chemokine receptor 8 (CCR8) has been detected in vitro on type 2 helper and regulatory lymphocytes, which might exert beneficial functions in multiple sclerosis (MS) and on macrophages and microglia, possibly promoting tissue injury in MS lesions. To discriminate the relevant expression pattern in vivo, we defined the cell types that expressed CCR8 in MS(More)
TYK2, a Janus kinase, plays both structural and catalytic roles in type I interferon (IFN) signaling. We recently reported (Rani, M. R. S., Gauzzi, C., Pellegrini, S., Fish, E., Wei, T., and Ransohoff, R. M. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 1891-1897) that catalytically active TYK2 was necessary for IFN-beta to induce the beta-R1 gene. We now report(More)
OBJECTIVE Glioblastomas (GBMs) are lethal cancers that display cellular hierarchies parallel to normal brain. At the apex are GBM stem cells (GSCs), which are relatively resistant to conventional therapy. Interactions with the adjacent perivascular niche are an important driver of malignancy and self-renewal in GSCs. Extracellular matrix (ECM) cues instruct(More)
BACKGROUND Interferon-beta (IFNβ) is used to inhibit disease activity in multiple sclerosis (MS), but its mechanisms of action are incompletely understood, individual treatment response varies, and biological markers predicting response to treatment have yet to be identified. METHODS The relationship between the molecular response to IFNβ and treatment(More)
Type I interferons (IFNs) induce the transcription of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) through activation of the Jak-Stat pathway. Although some determinants of specificity are dictated by the Jak-Stat components, recent observations indicate that the system incorporates other components for selectivity and flexibility, whose mechanisms remain to be defined. We(More)
We previously reported (Rani, M. R., Asthagiri, A. R., Singh, A., Sizemore, N., Sathe, S. S., Li, X., DiDonato, J. D., Stark, G. R., and Ransohoff, R. M. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 44365-44368) that IFN-beta induction of beta-R1 in fibrosarcoma cells required transcription factors ISGF-3 and NF-kappa B. IFN-beta treatment did not augment the abundance of(More)
The beta-R1/I-TAC (interferon-inducible T-cell alpha-chemoattractant) gene encodes an alpha-chemokine that is a potent chemoattractant for activated T-cells. We previously reported that beta-R1 was selectively induced by interferon (IFN)-beta compared with IFN-alpha and that the canonical type I IFN transcription factor interferon-stimulated gene factor 3(More)