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There seems to be little doubt that FGS is a nonspecific lesion that represents one way in which the renal glomerulus responds to a variety of injuries. This is illustrated by the large number of diverse conditions with which the lesion is associated including various forms of glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, hereditary nephritis, and heroin usage.(More)
Inflammation plays a significant role in the pathophysiology of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Local inflammation is modulated by the brain via the vagus nerve and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors such that electrical or pharmacologic stimulation of this cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway results in suppression of proinflammatory cytokine(More)
Fourteen cellular schwannomas, a variety of peripheral nerve sheath tumor showing a predominantly compact cellular growth, no formed cellular palisades or Verocay bodies, but the ultrastructure of schwannomas, are reported. A presumed nerve of origin was identified in three instances. The tumor had no sex predeliction; the mean age was 48. The neoplasm is(More)
Hepatitis-B-associated glomerulonephritis (HBGN) is a distinct entity occurring frequently in hepatitis-B-prevalent areas of the world. The disease affects both adults and children who are chronic hepatitis-B-virus (HBV) carriers with or without a history of overt liver disease. The diagnosis is established by serologic evidence of HBV antigens/antibodies,(More)
We report a 21-year-old male with childhood-onset familial nephrotic syndrome and frequent relapses who manifested toxicity or treatment resistance to corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporin-A, and tacrolimus. Monotherapy with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) resulted in maintenance of clinical remission for 14 months without noticeable toxicity, while(More)
In the biology of a cell, the central role of p53 in controlling functions such as G1/S transition (check point) and DNA damage repair, and as a trigger of apoptosis, is well established. Somatic mutations or other changes in P53 have been reported in numerous tumor types, and in some of these, they are associated with poor prognosis. In this study, we(More)
The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway is a mechanism whereby local inflammation is modulated by the brain via the vagus nerve and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). The nAChR family are ligand-gated ion channels that consist of many different subtypes formed by the specific assembly of five polypeptide subunits including alpha1-10, beta1-4,(More)
The nephrotic syndrome is rarely associated with renal tubular defects, and the combination has been reported only in association with advanced renal insufficiency. We report here five children with nephrotic syndrome and multiple tubular defects which evolved when glomular filtration rate ranged between 56 and 90 ml/minute/1.73 m2. The tubular defects were(More)
Although a few studies have reported clonal cytogenetic changes in Hodgkin's disease (HD), their correlation with histologic groups is poorly defined. This is because of insufficient numbers of clonally abnormal cases ascertained in each of these studies, an inherent problem associated with the cytogenetic studies of HD. In this report we present results of(More)
N- and K-ras mutations at codons 12 and 13 were investigated using oligonucleotide hybridization analysis after PCR amplification and subsequent sequence analysis of the amplified DNA from the region of interest in the following prostatic primary and metastatic (met) carcinoma-derived cell lines: 1013L (primary), PC3 (bone met), DU145 (brain met), and LNCaP(More)