Myron Spector

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Prior studies have demonstrated the expression of a contractile actin isoform, alpha-smooth muscle actin, in bone marrow stromal cells. One objective of the current study was to correlate contractility with alpha-smooth muscle actin expression in human bone marrow stroma-derived mesenchymal stem cells. A second objective was to determine the effects of(More)
This study directly compared the behaviour of chondrocytes in porous matrices comprising different collagen types and different pore diameters. There was a dramatic difference in the morphology of the cells in the type I and type II collagen matrices. The cells in the type II collagen matrix retained their chondrocytic morphology and synthesized(More)
Articular cartilage has a limited capacity for repair. In recent clinical and animal experiments, investigators have attempted to elicit the repair of defects of articular cartilage by injecting cultured autologous chondrocytes under a periosteal flap (a layer of periosteum). The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of cultured(More)
To investigate the potential utility of mechanical loading in articular cartilage tissue engineering, porous type II collagen scaffolds seeded with adult canine passaged chondrocytes were subjected to static and dynamic compressions of varying magnitudes (0-50% static strain) and durations (1-24 h), and at different times during culture (2-30 days(More)
The effects of three different treatments on the healing of articular cartilage defects were compared with use of a previously developed canine model. In the articular surface of the trochlear grooves of 12 adult mongrel dogs, two 4-mm-diameter defects were made to the depth of the tidemark. Four dogs were assigned to each treatment group: (a) microfracture(More)
The long-term goal of the present study is to develop a clinically applicable approach to enhance natural repair mechanisms within cartilage lesions by targeting bone marrow-derived cells for genetic modification. To determine if bone marrow-derived cells infiltrating osteochondral defects could be transduced in situ, we implanted collagen-glycosaminoglycan(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) presents a complex regenerative problem due to the multiple facets of growth inhibition that occur following trauma to the cord parenchyma and stroma. Clinically, SCI is further complicated by the heterogeneity in the size, shape and extent of human injuries. Many of these injuries do not breach the dura mater and have continuous(More)
An evaluation of the regional variation of certain cellular features in the human intervertebral disc (IVD) could lead to a better understanding of site-specific properties relative to degradation, response to injury, and healing processes. The objective of this study was to determine how cell density, cell morphology, cell grouping, and expression of a(More)
The contraction of connective tissue cells can play important roles in wound healing and pathological contractures. The effects of this contractile behavior on cell-seeded constructs for tissue engineering have not yet been investigated. The goal of this work was to investigate in vitro tendon cell-mediated contraction of collagen-glycosaminoglycan (GAG)(More)
Bone loss in the distal anterior femur in asymptomatic total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients has been noted roentgenographically and during revision surgery. A retrospective roentgenographic review of 147 TKA cases was carried out to document bone loss. The influence that the mode of fixation (porous coated and cemented) and the implant design have on bone(More)