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OBJECTIVE To deal with public and professional concern regarding possible overprescription of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications, particularly methylphenidate, by reviewing issues related to the diagnosis, optimal treatment, and actual care of ADHD patients and of evidence of patient misuse of ADHD medications. DATA SOURCES(More)
Medical scientists and public health policy makers are increasingly concerned that the scientific discoveries of the past generation are failing to be translated efficiently into tangible human benefit. This concern has generated several initiatives, including the Clinical Research Roundtable at the Institute of Medicine, which first convened in June 2000.(More)
Standard intelligence tests were administered to twenty-eight children who had been exposed to PTU in utero and thirty-two non-exposed siblings. There was no significant difference in results between the two groups. The present study suggests that with careful attention, pregnant women with thyrotoxicosis can be treated with propylthiouracil without(More)
X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita (AHC) is a disorder associated with primary adrenal insufficiency and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH). The gene responsible for X-linked AHC, DAX1, encodes a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. We studied an extended kindred with AHC and HH in which two males (the proband and his nephew) were affected(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this work was to develop a consensus statement on the current status and future role for pharmacologic management of insomnia in children and adolescents. METHOD The National Sleep Foundation, in collaboration with Best Practice Project Management, Inc, convened expert representatives involved in the study and treatment of(More)
To improve plasma glucose control, we administered insulin via the subcutaneous route in seven ambulatory patients with juvenile diabetes (12 to 17 years of age), using a portable infusion pump at a basal rate with pulse-dose increments before meals. After two to four days, the mean plasma glucose (+/- 1 S.E.) of 94 +/- 5 mg per deciliter was markedly lower(More)
The DAX1 protein is an orphan nuclear hormone receptor based on sequence similarity in the putative ligand-binding domain (LBD). DAX1 mutations result in X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita (AHC). Our objective was to identify DAX1 mutations in a series of families, to determine the types of mutations resulting in AHC and to locate single-amino-acid(More)
Federal Conditions of Participation from the Health Care Financing Administration (now the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services) introduced in 1998 require that all families be presented the option of organ and tissue donation when death is imminent. The perception that physicians were being excluded from participating in this process led to a(More)