Myrna E. Watanabe

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http://biotech.nature.com • DECEMBER 2001 • VOLUME 19 • nature biotechnology Human endeavors—both in peacetime and in war—can result in the pollution of urban and rural environments, making large areas unsafe and potentially uninhabitable. Highprofile disasters, such as the Exxon Valdez oil spill and the nuclear accident at Chernobyl, require cleanup that(More)
HIV vaccine researchers have known for years that VaxGen’s AIDSVAX, and others like it, have little chance of inducing antibodies that can neutralize HIV. Some have instead chosen to investigate vaccines that, rather than prevent infection, induce a cellular immune response to destroy infected cells. As a few of those alternatives inch toward phase 3(More)
The current trends in career choices of our graduates, the changing expectations of the health care sector, the increasing complexity of the health care delivery system, and the changing demographics of our health care providers suggest that Canada may be facing an undersupply of academic physicians for the future needs of academic medicine unless we,(More)
The ratio of physicians to population in Canada peaked in the mid-1990s and is now falling. The decrease in the number of family physicians has had a disproportionate effect on rural and remote communities, and surveys have indicated that the availability of physicians and services is likely to deteriorate in rural and remote communities. Telemedicine is(More)
The size, geographic distribution, and specialty mix of the US physician workforce continue to interest American health policy analysts. Evidence suggests that the United States is on the verge of a serious oversupply of physicians, particularly nongeneralist physicians. Canada faces some of the same problems in physician supply, cost, and distribution as(More)
The average annual rate of physician growth in Canada, just over 4% prior to 1989, has fallen to about 2% since 1990, approximating the average annual growth rate of the Canadian population. The growth rate is not uniform for all specialties, with surgical specialties experiencing the smallest increases. Sub-specialist growth in the past 5 y has occurred(More)