Myrielle Mathieu

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The in vivo cardiac differentiation and functional effects of unmodified adult bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) after myocardial infarction (MI) is controversial. We postulated that ex vivo pretreatment of autologous MSCs using cardiomyogenic growth factors will lead to cardiomyogenic specification and will result in superior biological and(More)
AIMS Recent studies indicate that brain natriuretic peptide (BNP(1-32)) may be truncated into BNP(3-32) by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP4) and that BNP(3-32) has reduced biological activities compared with BNP(1-32). We investigated if DPP4 contributes to the cardiorenal alterations and to the attenuated response to BNP seen in heart failure. METHODS AND(More)
We investigated the time course of the expression of cardiac and renal endothelin systems in tachycardia-induced heart failure in dogs. Eleven beagles underwent rapid pacing at a progressively increased rate over a period of 5 wk, with a weekly clinical examination, echocardiography, measurement of circulating and urinary endothelin-1 (ET-1), and myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenic mechanisms of dilated cardiomyopathy are still uncertain. A number of cytokines and growth factors participate in the remodeling process of the disease. METHODS We investigated the cardiac myostatin, transforming growth factor (TGF)beta, and activin-A/Smad growth inhibitory signaling pathway in experimental dilated(More)
Heart failure is associated with autonomic imbalance, and this can be evaluated by a spectral analysis of heart rate variability. However, the time course of low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) heart rate variability changes, and their functional correlates during progression of the disease are not exactly known. Progressive heart failure was induced(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) and cyclins are thought to play a role in myocardial hypertrophic response to insults. We investigated these signaling pathways in canine models of ischemic or overpacing-induced cardiomyopathy. METHODS Echocardiographic recordings and myocardial sampling for(More)
Nonunion fractures can cause severe dysfunction and are often difficult to treat mainly due to a poor understanding of their physiopathology. Although many aspects of impaired fracture healing have been extensively studied, little is known about the cellular and molecular mechanisms leading to atrophic nonunion. Therefore, the aim of the present study was(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and abnormal diastolic function is commonly observed after recovery from an acute myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to investigate the physiopathology of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in a model of healed myocardial infarction in dogs. METHODS(More)
Heart failure is a cause of pulmonary vasoconstriction and remodelling, leading to pulmonary hypertension (PH) and decreased survival. The pathobiology of PH in heart failure remains incompletely understood. We investigated pulmonary vascular function and signalling molecules in early stage PH secondary to experimental heart failure. Eight beagle dogs with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of preventive angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor treatment with ramipril in dogs with progressively severe experimentally induced heart failure. ANIMALS 20 dogs. PROCEDURES Dogs were randomly allocated to receive no treatment (control) or ramipril (0.125 mg/kg, PO, daily) for 7 weeks. Physical examination,(More)