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The responses to the glutamate agonist N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) were studied in the sensori-motor cortex of rats with petit mal-like seizures. In a first study, the changes in extracellular concentration of calcium elicited through ionophoretic application of NMDA at various depths in the cortex were measured in vivo. The results show that in the cortex(More)
Estrogens are known to have broad effects on neuronal plasticity, but their specific role in neuronal cell death has not been determined. In the present study, we investigated the effects of beta-estradiol on an experimental model of apoptosis of granule cells of the dentate gyrus, i.e., apoptosis induced by intraventricular injection of the microtubule(More)
We compared our heat pretreatment method to the widely used formic acid pretreatment technique to immunohistochemically detect amyloid in control and Alzheimer's disease brain tissues. Both methods detected amyloid in plaques, neurons, ependymal cells, circulating monocytes, vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells. Although there were no observable(More)
We investigated the cleavage of caspase-3, a marker of apoptosis, in the medial temporal lobe of older subjects with minimal cognitive deficits and low CERAD/intermediate Braak scores, that is, clinicopathological descriptors of early Alzheimer's disease (AD). The activation of caspase-3 was studied with immunoprecipitation-mass spectroscopy and(More)
Ascending cholinergic projections and the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) have both been implicated in attentional and orienting mechanisms leading to adaptive behavioral responses. In view of this, the present study was carried out to identify relevant neuroanatomical relationships in the form of projections from the CeA and a related structure, the(More)
Work on acute models of cortical injury has revealed a population of small GABAergic interneurons that are induced to increase their low constitutive expression of neuronal nitric oxide (NO) synthase (nNOS). In some cases, this activation may play a role in NO-mediated degeneration of pyramidal neurons. In this report, we explore the anatomy of various(More)
The ultrastructural localization of delta-opioid receptors was studied using monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibody prepared with an anti-D-Ala2-D-Leu5-enkephalin. Immunocytochemical techniques were used on vibratome sections from rats perfused with paraformaldehyde. A high density of immunoreactivity was observed in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord,(More)
BACKGROUND The delta(delta)-opioid receptors belong to the G protein-coupled receptors and in vitro studies have shown that delta-opioid receptors undergo an internalization process in response to agonist stimulation. The immediate consequence is the disappearance of receptors from the plasma membrane. This adaptation process reveals the cell's capacity to(More)
Using a specific rat monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibody we have examined the subcellular distribution of -opioid receptors in various neuronal subtypes of the rat spinal cord. The immunofluorescence was detected with a confocal microscope and in some cases serial images were processed for a three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of the neurons.(More)
In this issue of our Confocal Application Notes, proper set up of the Tile function enables you to scan multiple partial images from a specimen and stitch them together to form a complete image. By extension, this feature makes possible to scan a much larger field of view than a high magnification objective alone would be able to give you, and still keeping(More)