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The molecular mechanisms predisposing to atherosclerotic aneurysm formation remain undefined. Nevertheless, rupture of aortic aneurysms is a major cause of death in Western societies, with few available treatments and poor long-term prognosis. Indirect evidence suggests that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and plasminogen activators (PAs) are involved in(More)
Oligodendrocytes myelinate axons for rapid impulse conduction and contribute to normal axonal functions in the central nervous system. In multiple sclerosis, demyelination is caused by autoimmune attacks, but the role of oligodendroglial cells in disease progression and axon degeneration is unclear. Here we show that oligodendrocytes harbor peroxisomes(More)
Cardiac rupture is a fatal complication of acute myocardial infarction lacking treatment. Here, acute myocardial infarction resulted in rupture in wild-type mice and in mice lacking tissue-type plasminogen activator, urokinase receptor, matrix metalloproteinase stromelysin-1 or metalloelastase. Instead, deficiency of urokinase-type plasminogen activator(More)
HIF prolyl hydroxylases (PHD1-3) are oxygen sensors that regulate the stability of the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) in an oxygen-dependent manner. Here, we show that loss of Phd1 lowers oxygen consumption in skeletal muscle by reprogramming glucose metabolism from oxidative to more anaerobic ATP production through activation of a Pparalpha pathway. This(More)
The cerebro-hepato-renal syndrome of Zellweger is a fatal inherited disease caused by deficient import of peroxisomal matrix proteins. The pathogenic mechanisms leading to extreme hypotonia, severe mental retardation and early death are unknown. We generated a Zellweger animal model through inactivation of the murine Pxr1 gene (formally known as Pex5) that(More)
Aerobic organisms developed mechanisms to protect themselves against a shortage of oxygen (O(2)). Recent studies reveal that O(2) sensors, belonging to the novel class of 2-oxoglutarate dependent iron(ii)-dioxygenases, have more important roles in metabolism than anticipated. Here, we provide a "metabolo-centric" overview of the role of the PHD/FIH members(More)
Zellweger syndrome (cerebro-hepato-renal syndrome) is the most severe form of the peroxisomal biogenesis disorders leading to early death of the affected children. To study the pathogenetic mechanisms causing organ dysfunctions in Zellweger syndrome, we have recently developed a knockout-mouse model by disrupting the PEX5 gene, encoding the targeting(More)
A new regulatory element for peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR)/retinoid X receptor (RXR) heterodimers was found in the promoter of the malic enzyme gene. Similar to previously characterized peroxisome proliferator response elements (PPREs), it consists of a direct repeat of sequences related to the half-site consensus AGGTCA with an(More)
To identify proteins interacting with the C-terminal peroxisomal targeting signal (PTS1), we screened a human liver cDNA library by means of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae genetic system, known as the two-hybrid system. We isolated a cDNA encoding a protein that specifically bound the PTS1 topogenic signal in the intact yeast cell but also in vitro after(More)
According to current views, peroxisomal beta-oxidation is organized as two parallel pathways: the classical pathway that is responsible for the degradation of straight chain fatty acids and a more recently identified pathway that degrades branched chain fatty acids and bile acid intermediates. Multifunctional protein-2 (MFP-2), also called d-bifunctional(More)