Learn More
Previously, we reported that a liganded LH receptor (LHR) is capable of activating itself (cis-activation) and other nonliganded LHRs to induce cAMP (trans-activation). Trans-activation of the LHR raises two crucial questions. Is trans-activation unique to LHR or common to other G protein-coupled receptors? Does trans-activation stimulate phospholipase(More)
To identify genes aberrantly expressed in the brain of individuals with Alzheimer's Disease (AD), we analyzed RNA extracts from the hippocampus and cerebellum from 19 AD patients and 15 age- and sex-matched control subjects. Our analysis identified a number of genes that were over-expressed or under-expressed specifically in AD hippocampus. Among these(More)
Oviductal disease is a primary cause of infertility, a problem that largely stems from excessive inflammation of this key reproductive organ. Our poor understanding of the mechanisms regulating oviductal inflammation restricts our ability to diagnose, treat, and/or prevent oviductal disease. Using mice, our objective was to determine the spatial(More)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) comprises an alpha subunit and a beta subunit, whereas the FSH receptor consists of two halves with distinct functions: the N-terminal extracellular exodomain and C-terminal membrane-associated endodomain. FSH initially binds to exodomain, and the resulting FSH/exodomain complex modulates the endodomain and generates(More)
Endothelins were first identified as potent vasoactive peptides; however, diversity in the biological function of these hormones is now evident. We have identified a novel role for endothelins: a requirement for these peptides within the oviduct during fertilization and/or early embryo development. In vivo, treatment after ovulation with a dual endothelin(More)
The oviduct is a dynamic structure whose function relies upon cyclic changes in the morphology of both ciliated and secretory luminal epithelial cells. Unfortunately, infection of these epithelial cells by sexually transmitted pathogens can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancies and infertility. The disruption of normal, cyclic apoptosis(More)
The use of assisted reproduction treatment, especially intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), is now linked to a range of adverse consequences, the aetiology of which remains largely undefined. Our objective of this study was to determine differences in gene expression of blastocysts generated by ICSI as well as ICSI with artificial oocyte activation(More)
The major protein component of the extracellular deposits in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a 4 kDa peptide termed amyloid-beta (Abeta). This peptide is known to bind apolipoprotein E (apoE), a key mediator of lipoprotein transport, in an isoform specific manner. Whilst these isoform specific effects on apoE are well recognized, the functional significance of(More)
It has been thought that when a hormone binds to a receptor, the liganded receptor activates itself and generates hormone signals, such as the cAMP signal and the inositol phosphate signal (cis-activation). We describe that a liganded LH receptor or FSH receptor molecule is capable of intermolecularly activating nonliganded receptors (trans-activation).(More)
Scaffold proteins play a critical role in controlling the activity of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) pathway. Shoc2 is a leucine-rich repeat scaffold protein that acts as a positive modulator of ERK1/2 signaling. However, the precise mechanism by which Shoc2 modulates the activity of the ERK1/2 pathway is unclear. Here we report the(More)