Myoung Won Cho

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In animal experiments, the observed orientation preference and ocular dominance columns in the visual cortex of the brain show various pattern types. Here, we show that the different visual map formations in various species are due to the crossover behavior in anisotropic systems composed of orientational and scalar components such as easy-plane Heisenberg(More)
The pattern formation in orientation and ocular dominance columns is one of the most investigated problems in the brain. From a known cortical structure, we build spinlike Hamiltonian models with long-range interactions of the Mexican hat type. These Hamiltonian models allow a coherent interpretation of the diverse phenomena in the visual map formation with(More)
Orientation selectivity is a remarkable feature of the neurons located in the primary visual cortex. Provided that the visual neurons acquire orientation selectivity through activity-dependent Hebbian learning, the development process could be understood as a kind of symmetry breaking phenomenon in the view of physics. The key mechanisms of the development(More)
Most retina ganglion cells have center-surround receptive fields, where the center may be either ON or OFF while the surround is the opposite. We clarify the functional roles of the receptive field structure, on the basis of the modern theory of natural data processing. It is suggested that the retina shares the principal mechanism and performance of image(More)
We explore the effects of gap junctions, direct neural transmission between adjacent cells, on activity-dependent network formation. It is found that endogenous neural activities and weak firing correlations via gap junctions can regulate elaborately both the topographic structure in vertical connections and the radial structure in horizontal connections.(More)
It is commonly believed that spike timings of a postsynaptic neuron tend to follow those of the presynaptic neuron. Such orthodromic firing may, however, cause a conflict with the functional integrity of complex neuronal networks due to asymmetric temporal Hebbian plasticity. We argue that reversed spike timing in a synapse is a typical phenomenon in the(More)