Myoung Jo Kim

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BACKGROUND A shunt is usually created from the distal arm (wrist) to the proximal arm (axillary loop) as long as no central stenosis has occurred. Creating vascular access in a patient with central vein stenosis could induce venous hypertension in the upper extremities. In such patients, an ipsilateral internal jugular vein (IJV) as an arteriovenous (AV)(More)
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