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The effect of freeze-drying on phenotypic reversion of amino acid auxotrophy to prototrophy was studied in Escherichia coli. In a radioresistant strain, E. coli H/r 30 (uvr+ exr+), which can repair the deoxyribonucleic acid damaged due to freeze-drying, an increased mutation frequency from auxotrophy to prototrophy was observed with increased time of(More)
Several systems for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of thermostable direct hemolysin (TDH) of Vibrio parahaemolyticus were tested, and single-antibody sandwich ELISA systems gave satisfactory results. ELISA was able to detect as little as several nanograms of purified TDH per milliliter. The method of De Jong (J. Clin. Microbiol. 17:928-930, 1983)(More)
In 1996, Japan had several large outbreaks of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 infection. We surveyed physicians who examined and treated these patients, and found that most of the patients (95.9%) received antimicrobial agents as treatments, in particular, fosfomycin comprised 84.0% of the prescribed treatment. Since the administration of(More)
In Japan, antimicrobial agent therapy for patients with diarrhea due to enterovirulent organisms including enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) is common, and norfloxacin (NFLX), fosfomycin, and kanamycin are recommended for EHEC treatment by the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of antimicrobial(More)
A colony hybridisation method with enzyme-labelled oligonucleotide probes was developed to detect the gene for toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 (tst). For rapid identification, bacterial colonies were transferred from agar plates directly on to nylon membranes. These procedures took only 3 h. Results obtained by this test correlated well with those obtained by(More)
A DNA hybridization method with an enzyme-labeled oligonucleotide probe (mecA-ELONP) was developed to detect the methicillin-resistant gene (mecA) in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. For rapid identification, bacterial colonies were transferred from agar plates directly onto nylon membranes. Lysis of cells, denaturation of DNA, and hybridization(More)
  • K Kawai, M Yoh, +5 authors S Era
  • 2001
PURPOSE To investigate the oxidative status of albumin in the aqueous humor and serum of senile cataract patients with diabetes in order to clarify the pathogenesis of this condition. METHODS High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was employed to measure the reduced form of albumin (mercaptalbumin) and the oxidized form of albumin(More)
Hemolysin produced by Vibrio hollisae (Vh-rTDH), which is related to the thermostable direct hemolysin (Vp-TDH) of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, was studied. Vh-rTDH was purified by successive column chromatographies on diethylaminoethyl-cellulose and an immunoaffinity column coupled with anti Vp-TDH immunoglobulin. The purified toxin was homogeneous, as(More)