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Although various derivatives of caffeic acid have been reported to possess a wide variety of biological activities such as protection of neuronal cells against excitotoxicity, the biological activity of 1-docosanoyl cafferate (DC) has not been examined. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of DC, isolated from the(More)
OBJECTIVE Fatigue can be caused by a deficiency of nutrition or immune function. The goal of this study was to identify the effects of porcine placenta extract (PPE) and its constituents, amino acids (glutamic acid, glycine, arginine, and proline), on protein-energy malnutrition (PEM)-induced fatigue. METHODS Mice were administered a PEM diet and came to(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer is one of the highly virulent diseases known to humankind with a high mortality rate. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. Sorghum is a principal cereal food in many parts of the world, and is critical in folk medicine of Asia and Africa. In the present study, we analyzed the effects of HSE in metastatic breast(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has both neuroprotective and neurotoxic effects depending on its concentration and the experimental model. We tested the effects of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), a nonselective nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, and aminoguanidine, a selective inducible NOS (iNOS) inhibitor, on kainic acid (KA)-induced seizures and(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic rhinitis (AR) is an allergic inflammatory disease induced by various mediators released by infiltrating inflammatory cells. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) increases the airway inflammatory response by promoting vascular permeability. Furthermore, it is known that Allium hookeri and one of its constituent compounds, rutin (RU),(More)
Urushinol, a plant allergen, has significantly restricted the medical application of Rhus verniciflua, although it has been reported to possess a wide variety of biological activities such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-cancer actions. To reduce the urushinol content while maintaining the beneficial biological activities, mushroom-mediated(More)
This study was performed to evaluate the antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory effects from the extract, fractions, and isolated compounds of sea buckthorn leaves. Six compounds, kaempferol-3-O-β-D-(6''-O-coumaryl) glycoside, 1-feruloyl-β-D-glucopyranoside, isorhamnetin-3-O-glucoside, quercetin 3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, quercetin(More)
AIMS The (2'S,7'S)-O-(2-methylbutanoyl)-columbianetin (OMC) is a novel secondary metabolite extracted from Corydalis heterocarpa, which has long been used as a folk medicine for various inflammatory diseases in Korea. We examined the effect of OMC on allergic rhinitis (AR). MAIN METHODS We assessed the therapeutic effects and regulatory mechanisms of OMC(More)
The present study evaluated the anti-complement effects from organic solvent extracts of three varieties (Hwanggeumchal Sorghum, Chal Sorghum, and Heuin Sorghum) from Sorghum bicolor in classical pathway complement system. We have evaluated organic solvent extract from Sorghum bicolor varieties with regard to its anti-complement activity. Chal Sorghum ethyl(More)
The present study evaluated the antiobesity and lipid-lowering effects from dichloromethane and ethyl acetate extracts of Hwanggeumchal Sorghum varieties on Sorghum bicolor. The Hwanggeumchal Sorghum ethyl acetate extracts significantly reduced the plasma total cholesterol and triglyceride levels significantly when given orally at a dose of 50 and 300(More)